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Timeline: Georgia after the Soviet Union

(CNN) -- The following are key events in the Republic of Georgia following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991:

1991 -- Georgia declares its independence from the Soviet Union. Former dissident Zviad Gamsakhurdia becomes the republic's president.

March 1992 -- Gamsakhurdia is deposed following fighting between government soldiers and opposition forces in central Tbilisi. Former Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze is appointed head of Georgia's new State Council.

August 1992 -- Fighting erupts between government and separatist forces in Georgia's Abkhazia region.

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October 1992 -- Shevardnadze is elected Georgia's parliamentary chairman.

September 1993 -- Separatist fighters drive Georgian forces out of Abkhazia.

1994 -- Russia deploys peacekeepers in Abkhazia after separatists and the Georgian government agree a truce.

November 1995 -- Georgia reinstates the position of president; Shevardnadze elected to the post.

April 2000 -- Shevardnadze is re-elected president.

February 2002 Russia protests after U.S. military officials announce up to 200 American troops may be sent to Georgia to help train and equip its military against terrorist threats.



 
 
 
 






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