Avalanche kills 8 on Nepal's Mount Manaslu
Natural disaster revives concerns about crowding on Himalayan peaks
Mount Everest saw 'traffic jams" in May this year
Big peaks attracting more inexperienced climbers
An avalanche, such as the one that killed at least eight climbers in Nepal this weekend, is known in mountaineering circles as an objective hazard – a risk that you cannot control and one all climbers must accept.
But with Mount Manaslu playing host to some 231 mountaineers from 25 teams this season – an unusually large number for the world’s eighth largest peak – the natural disaster is likely to revive concerns about whether the Himalayan mountains favored by commercial expeditions are becoming too crowded.
The avalanche was triggered by a huge piece of ice that fell from a glacier. It destroyed some 25 tents at one camp and survivors spoke of being swept hundreds of meters down the mountainside.
Manaslu had proved particularly popular this year after Chinese authorities restricted tourist visas, making access to Cho Oyu or Shishapangma, two 8,000m (26,000 ft) peaks on the border with Tibet, difficult, said Grayson Schaffer, senior editor at Outside magazine.
“The devastation of the avalanche was certainly magnified by the number of people that were in its way,” he told CNN.
Ang Tscherting Sherpa, the former head of the Nepal Mountaineering Association, said that avalanches on this scale were relatively rare on Manaslu, which was regarded as one of the easier 8,000m peaks to surmount.
He said the accident was not connected to the number of climbers.
“Such avalanches are hard to predict. It all depends on the snow fall and how warm the ground is.”
The problem of over-crowding is most stark at Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak, which attracts hundreds of climbers each year eager to take a shot at the 8,848m (29,029 ft) summit.
In May this year, climbers spoke of “traffic jams” as more than 150 climbers waited their turn to summit the mountain during a window of good weather.
The consequences were deadly as some climbers’ air supplies began to run out and frost bite began to set in. Six climbers died in the space of two days.
Leanne Shuttleworth, a British woman who made a successful summit on May 20, said there were bodies attached to fixed lines and she had to walk around them.
“There was a couple who were still alive,” she told Britain’s Daily Mail. “Our Sherpa helped one of the people but a couple were so far gone they didn’t even know we were there. It was the most horrendous thing to see.”
A total of 10 climbers died on Everest in April and May, making it the third deadliest spring season on record after 12 people perished in 1996 and 11 in 2006.
Schaffer, who spent April and May at Everest base camp, attributes the high death toll to thrill-seeking amateurs, who are actively courted by cut-price outfitters.
“If you really want to climb one of these mountains, you can pay someone to take you regardless of your experience level,” he said. “In the past 10 years, it’s gone from almost unheard of to happening more often.”
Nepal has eight of the 14 highest peaks in the world and tourism is a big earner for the landlocked country’s economy.
September marks the beginning of the fall climbing season, which runs through November.
Unlike the spring season, which comes after a dry winter, the fall season follows the wet monsoon, coating the mountains in a lot more snow.
This attracts mountaineer skiers like Glen Plake, who survived Sunday’s avalanche. The extreme sports celebrity had planned to ski down the mountain without the aid of oxygen.
Manesh Shrestha in Nepal contributed to this report