Margaret Thatcher Fast Facts

(CNN)Here's a look at the life of Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1979 to 1990.

Personal:
Birth date: October 13, 1925
Death date: April 8, 2013
Birth place: Grantham, Lincolnshire, England
    Father: Alfred Roberts, grocer
    Mother: Beatrice Ethel (Stephenson) Roberts, grocer
    Marriage: Sir Denis Thatcher (December 13, 1951- June 26, 2003, his death)
    Children: Mark and Carol (twins), August 15, 1953
    Education: Somerville College at Oxford College, Chemistry, 1943-1947. Passed the bar, 1953
    Other Facts:
    The first female prime minister of Great Britain.
    Called the Iron Lady, for personal and political toughness.
    Only British prime minister of the 20th century to win three consecutive terms. (Former Prime Minister Tony Blair's first of three terms began in the 20th, but ended in the 21st.)
    During her time as prime minister, she emphasized the rights of the individual versus that of the state, moral absolutism and nationalism.
    In her first term, Thatcher reduced or eliminated many government subsidies to business, a move that lead to a sharp rise in unemployment. By 1986, unemployment had reached 3 million.
    Enjoyed a close friendship and working relationship with President Ronald Reagan, with whom she shared similar conservative views.
    Timeline:
    1950 - Runs unsuccessfully for Parliament.
    1959 - Wins a seat in the House of Commons by winning the Conservative seat in Finchley, in north London.
    1961-1964 - Serves as a parliamentary secretary in the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance.
    1969-1970 - Serves as chief opposition spokesperson on education.
    1970-1974 - Secretary of State for education and science in the Conservative government of Edward Heath.
    1975 - Is elected leader of the Conservative Party.
    1976 - In a speech, she lashes out against Communism. This causes the Soviet press to nickname her the "Iron Lady."
    May 4, 1979 - Becomes prime minister after lead