Here's a look at the life of former National Security Adviser and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
Henry Kissinger Fast Facts
Birth date: May 27, 1923
Birth place: Furth, Germany
Birth name: Heinz Alfred Kissinger
Father: Louis Kissinger, teacher
Mother: Paula (Stern) Kissinger
Marriages: Nancy (Maginnes) Kissinger (March 30, 1974-present); Ann Fleischer (1949-1964, divorced)
Children: with Ann Fleischer: Elizabeth and David
Education: Harvard University, B.A., 1950; M.A., 1952; Ph.D., 1954
Military: US Army, 1943-1949, Captain
Kissinger's name was changed to Henry when his family immigrated to the United States to escape the Nazis.
Attended high school at night while working at a factory during the day.
First person to serve as both national security adviser and secretary of state.
1938 - The Kissinger family immigrates to the United States, settling in New York.
June 19, 1943 - Becomes a US citizen.
1954-1971 - Harvard University faculty member.
1957-1960 - Associate Director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs.
1956-1960 - Consultant, Weapons Systems Evaluation Group of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
1961-1962 - Consultant, National Security Council.
1961-1968 - Consultant, US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
1965-1968 - Consultant, US Department of State.
1969-1974 - President Richard Nixon's assistant to the President for National Security Affairs.
1969 - Helps initiate the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks with the Soviet Union.
1972 - Kissinger and Nixon are named Time Magazine's Men of the Year.
September 23, 1973-January 20, 1977 - Secretary of State under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
1973 - Wins the Nobel Peace Prize, with Le Duc Tho, for negotiating the end of the Vietnam War. Le Duc Tho declines the award.
1974-1975 - Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs for President Ford.
1979 - The first volume of his memoir, "White House Years," is published.
1982 - Opens international consulting firm Kissinger Associates, Inc.
1982 - Has triple coronary bypass surgery.
1982 - The second volume of his memoir, "Years of Upheaval," is published.
1999 - The third volume of his memoir, "Years of Renewal," is published.
November 2002 - Is appointed by President George W. Bush to lead the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, also known as the 9-11 Commission.
December 13, 2002 - Resigns as chairman of the 9-11 Commission, citing controversy over possible conflicts of interest with clients of his consulting firm.
March 2005 - Undergoes an angioplasty procedure.
May 18, 2006 - Is awarded the Dwight D. Eisenhower Medal for Leadership and Service.
July 15, 2014 - Undergoes heart surgery to replace an aortic valve.