Here is a look at Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting.
In 2023, Ramadan is expected to begin at sundown on March 22 and end on April 21. (Dates may vary slightly by country depending on the first sighting of the crescent moon.)
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim year.
Ramadan begins with the sighting of the new moon, but the exact date often depends on clerics in a particular nation.
Ramadan is celebrated as the month in which the prophet Mohammed received the first of the revelations that make up the Quran.
Ramadan is the Islamic holy month of fasting during which Muslims may not eat or drink during daylight hours.
During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food, drink (including water), and sexual intercourse from dawn until dusk.
Muslims are encouraged to eat a meal before dawn, and then break the fast immediately after sunset.
The fast is traditionally broken by eating dates and drinking water.
The end of Ramadan, called Eid al-Fitr, is a day of feasting.
The Ramadan fast is one of the five pillars, or basic institutions, of Islam:
Shahadah: Affirmation that there is no deity but God and Mohammed is his messenger.
Salat: Praying five times daily.
Zakat: Giving to charity.
Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
Hajj: Making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime.
There were almost 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide as of 2015. The population is expected to increase to three billion by 2060.
There were about 3.45 million Muslims in the United States as of 2017.