H1N1 Fast Facts

In 2009, the H1N1 influenza virus swept across the globe causing a global pandemic and infecting more than 18,000 people.

(CNN)Here's a look at the H1N1 influenza virus, also known as swine flu. There was a pandemic outbreak across the globe which lasted from 2009 to 2010.

Human cases of H1N1 from April 2009-April 2010

Fatalities in the United States - Estimated total is 12,469.
    Fatalities Worldwide - A 2012 study estimated a range between 151,700 and 575,400 deaths.

    Swine Flu

    Swine flu is a respiratory disease caused by type A influenza virus in pigs. Swine flu outbreaks are common in pig herds, but generally the disease causes few deaths in pigs.
    Swine flu is transmitted between pigs through close contact and contact with contaminated objects. Flu spreads when someone touches an object coughed or sneezed on by an infected person and then touches his/her mouth or nose. However, swine flu cannot be passed from properly handled pork products to humans.
    Swine flu outbreaks in pigs can occur at any time, but mostly occur during the late fall and winter months.
    It is a constantly mutating virus. Pigs are susceptible to viruses from birds, humans and other swine. When different influenza viruses strike pigs, the genes can mutate and new viruses can develop.
    In pigs, there are currently three common influenza A virus subtypes in the United States: H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2.

    Swine Flu in Humans

    Swine flu occurs in people that are in contact with infected pigs. When this occurs, it is called a "variant influenza virus."
    Symptoms are similar to that of regular human influenza and can include fever, lethargy, lack of appetite, coughing, runny nose, sore throat, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
    Antiviral drugs that treat variant flu infections in humans are oseltamivir (Tamiflu), zanamivir (Relenza) and peramivir (Rapivab).

    Timeline

    1930 - The swine flu virus (an influenza type A H1N1 virus) is first isolated from a pig.
    1976 - Swine flu (Hsw1N1) breaks out among soldiers at Fort Dix in New Jersey. At least four soldiers are infected and one dies.
    1976 - The United States begins a nationwide vaccination program against a type of swine flu known as Influenza A/New Jersey/76. However, the program is suspended after people who received shots develop a rare illness called Guillain-Barré syndrome.
    September 1988 - A woman dies of the H1N1 flu virus days after visiting a