German Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks to delegates of her political party, the Christian Democratic Union, in 2018.
Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Angela Merkel's life in pictures

Updated 1729 GMT (0129 HKT) December 8, 2021

German Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks to delegates of her political party, the Christian Democratic Union, in 2018.
Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Angela Merkel, Germany's first female chancellor, has dominated European politics for much of this century.

But she did not seek a fifth term, and after 16 years in office she has been replaced by Olaf Scholz.

Merkel narrowly missed becoming the longest serving post-war chancellor, trailing Helmut Kohl by a mere 10 days.