Saddam Hussein Trial Fast Facts

Ousted Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein addresses the court during his trial in the heavily fortified Green Zone October 17, 2006, in Baghdad, Iraq. (Photo by David Furst-Pool/Getty Images)

(CNN)Here is some background information about the trials and execution of former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.

Facts

Hussein was charged with premeditated murder, imprisonment and the deprivation of physical movement, forced deportation and torture.
    Seven other defendants stood trial with Hussein: Barzan Hassan, Taha Yassin Ramadan, Awad al-Bandar, Abdullah Ruwaid, Ali Dayem Ali, Mohammed Azzawi Ali and Mizher Ruwaid.
    The Dujail case was tried first because experts believed it was the most straightforward and easy to prove case.

    Timeline

    July 8, 1982 - Residents of the Shiite Muslim town of Dujail, Iraq, fire on Hussein's motorcade. In retaliation, about 150 residents are executed.
    March 19, 2003 - The second Gulf War begins, code named Operation Iraqi Freedom.
    December 14, 2003 - The US Department of Defense announces Hussein has been captured in a cellar, or "spider hole," at a farmhouse in Tikrit on Saturday, December 13, 2003.
    June 30, 2004 - The Coalition turns over legal control of Hussein and 11 other former top Iraqi officials to the interim Iraqi government, but they remain in the physical custody of the US for security reasons.
    July 1, 2004 - Hussein makes his first appearance in court at his arraignment and is charged with a variety of crimes, including the invasion of Kuwait and the gassing of the Kurds. He pleads not guilty.
    November 2004 - Hussein's family fires his chief lawyer Mohammed al-Rashdan, accusing him of using the trial to seek personal fame. Rashdan is replaced by Ziad al-Khasawneh.
    July 7, 2005 - Hussein's chief lawyer Khasawneh resigns because he says the American defense team is trying to take over the case.
    July 17, 2005 - The Iraqi Special Tribunal (IST) files the first criminal charges against Hussein for the 1982 massacre of 148 people in Dujail. Other charges will be heard at separate trials.
    August 23, 2005 - Hussein confirms that he has fired all his previous lawyers and is now solely represented by Khalil Dulaimi.
    September 6, 2005 - Iraqi President Jalal Talabani says Hussein has confessed via videotape, audiotape, and signed confessions, to giving the order to gas thousands of Kurds in the late 1980s.
    September 8, 2005 - Chief attorney, Dulaimi, denies that Hussein has confessed to ordering executions and waging a campaign against Kurds in which thousands of people are said to have been killed.
    October 19, 2005 - Hussein's trial begins in Baghdad. He and seven other co-defendants appear before Chief Judge Rizgar Amin and plead not guilty to the torture and murder of Iraqi citizens in Dujail in 1982.
    October 20, 2005 - The lawyer for Bandar, Saadoun al-Janabi, is kidnapped and murdered one day after he appears in court for the opening of the trial.
    November 8, 2005 - Adel al-Zubeidi, a lawyer for one of Saddam's co-defendants, Ramadan, is killed and another lawyer wounded during a drive-by shooting.
    December 27, 2005 - Three more lawyers join the defense team: Saleh al-Armoti, Ibrahim al-Mulla and Tayseer al-Mudather.
    January 15, 2006 - Chief Judge Amin resigns after complaints that he is too lax with the defendants in the trial.