Vatican Fast Facts

(CNN)Here's what you need to know about the Vatican, also known as the Holy See.


The full name of the country is the State of Vatican City, and it is the spiritual and governing center of the Roman Catholic Church.
    It stands on Vatican Hill in northwestern Rome, Italy west of the Tiber River. It is comprised of roughly 100 acres.
      Tall stone walls surround most of Vatican City.
      Historical documentation reveals that St. Peter was crucified at or near the Neronian Gardens on Vatican hill and buried at the foot of the hill directly under where the main altar of St. Peter's Basilica now stands. Excavations at the basilica between 1940 and 1957 located the tomb believed to be St. Peter's.
      Vatican City has its own pharmacy, post office, telephone system and media outlets. The population is 1,000 (2019 est.)
      The Vatican is an absolute monarchy. Full legislative, judicial and executive authority resides with the pope.

      St. Peter's Basilica