Roe v. Wade Fast Facts

Norma McCorvey (L) formally known as 'Jane Roe,' as she holds a pro-choice sign with former attorney Gloria Allred (R) in front of the US Supreme Court building in Washington, DC, just before attorneys began arguing the 1973 landmark abortion decision which legalized abortion in the US.

(CNN)Here's a look at the US Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade.

Case

1971 - The case is filed by Norma McCorvey, known in court documents as Jane Roe, against Henry Wade, the district attorney of Dallas County, who enforced a Texas law that prohibited abortion, except to save a woman's life.

    Decision

    January 22, 1973 - The US Supreme Court, in a 7-2 decision, affirms the legality of a woman's right to have an abortion under the Fourteenth amendment to the Constitution. The Court held that a woman's right to an abortion fell within the right to privacy (recognized in Griswold v. Connecticut) protected by the Fourteenth Amendment. The decision gave a woman the right to an abortion during the entirety of the pregnancy and defined different levels of state interest for regulating abortion in the second and third trimesters.
    The ruling affected laws in 46 states.

    Legal Timeline

    1971 - The case is filed by Norma McCorvey, known in court documents as Jane Roe, against Henry Wade, the district attorney of Dallas County, who enforced a Texas law that prohibited abortion, except to save a woman's life.
    1971 - The Supreme Court agrees to hear the case filed by Roe against Wade, who was enforcing the Texas abortion law that had been declared unconstitutional in an earlier federal district court case. Wade was ignoring the legal ruling and both sides appealed.
    December 13, 1971 - The case is argued before the US Supreme Court.
    October 11, 1972 - The case is reargued before the US Supreme Court.
    January 22, 1973 - The US Supreme Court, in a 7-2 decision, affirms the legality of a woman's right to have an abortion under the Fourteenth amendment to the Constitution.
    June 17, 2003 - McCorvey (Roe) files a motion with the US District Court in Dallas to have the case overturned and asks the court to consider new evidence that abortion hurts women. Included are 1,000 affidavits from women who say they regret their abortions.

    The Players

    McCorvey - Texas resident who sought to obtain an abortion. Texas law prohibited abortions except to save the pregnant mother's life. McCorvey was pregnant when she became the lead plaintiff in the case. She gave up the baby for adoption.
    McCorvey has since come forward and changed sides on the abortion debate. In 1997, McCorvey started Roe No More, a pro-life outreach organization that was dissolved in 2008. McCorvey died on February 18, 2017.
    Wade - district attorney of Dallas County from 1951 to 1987. McCorvey sued him because he enforced a law that prohibited abortion, except to save a woman's life. He died on March 1, 2001.
    Sarah Weddington - Lawyer for McCorvey.
    Linda Coffee - Lawyer for McCorvey.
    Jay Floyd - Argued the case for Texas the first time.
    Robert C. Flowers - Reargued the case for Texas.

    Supreme Court Justice Opinions

    Majority: Harry A. Blackmun (for The Court), William J. Brennan, Lewis F. Powell Jr., Thurgood Marshall
      Concurring: Warren Burger, William Orville Douglas, Potter Stewart
      Dissenting: William H. Rehnquist, Byron White