Immigration Statistics Fast Facts

People reach through the wall from the Mexican side at the conclusion of the Hugs Not Walls event on the U.S.-Mexico border on October 13, 2018 in Sunland Park, New Mexico. More than 200 families with mixed immigration status living in the U.S. were allowed to reunify with relatives in Mexico for three minutes after Border Patrol briefly opened the border wall to allow the reunions.

(CNN)Here's a look at immigration to the United States.

Legal Immigration Statistics

2019 - 1,031,765 people are granted lawful permanent residence in the United States. The top countries of origin of these "green card" recipients, or LPRs:
-- Mexico = 153,502
-- China = 60,029
-- India = 51,139
-- Dominican Republic = 49,815
-- Philippines = 43,478
2019 - The top US states where legal permanent residents live are:
-- California = 193,093
-- New York = 124,026
-- Florida = 118,140
-- Texas = 107,955
-- New Jersey = 48,754
Residents becoming naturalized citizens in 2019 had spent a median of eight years in lawful permanet resident (LPR) status. Immigrants born in Africa had the shortest wait time, six years, while those from North America had the longest wait time, 10 years.

Undocumented Immigration Statistics

-- Mexico = 5.4 million
-- El Salvador = 730,000
-- Guatemala = 620,000
-- India = 540,000
-- Honduras = 450,000
-- China = 410,000
2018 - The top US states where unauthorized immigrants settle are:
-- California
-- Texas
-- Florida
-- New York
-- New Jersey

Unaccompanied Alien Children

"Unaccompanied alien children" (UAC - term used by US Customs and Border Protection) are referred to the Office of Refugee Resettlement, part of the Department of Health and Human Services, for care while their immigration cases are adjudicated:
-- FY2020 - 15,381
-- FY2019 - 69,488
-- FY2018 - 49,100
-- FY2017 - 40,810
-- FY2016 - 59,170
-- FY2015 - 33,726
-- FY2014 - 57,496

The top countries of origin for UAC (FY2020)

-- Guatemala (48%)
-- Honduras (25%)
-- El Salvador (14%)
-- Mexico (6%)
About 68% of UAC are boys.
About 37% of UAC are between 15 and 16 years old.
The average length of stay in shelter care was 102 days.