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Diplomacy leads to Iran nuclear deal
01:55 - Source: CNN

Story highlights

Israel does not recognize the deal and reserves the right to act on its own, Netanyahu says

The deal includes limitations to prevent the creation of nuclear weapons, Obama says

Iran retains the right to enrich uranium but not above nuclear fuel level

Geneva, Switzerland CNN  — 

Most world powers believe that Iran could not realistically build a usable bomb in less than a year, Hibbs said.

The deal dials back Iran’s ability to work toward a nuclear weapon and at the same time loosens the choke hold of international sanctions on Iran’s economy.

The two sides now have six months to find out how historic the breakthrough really is. That’s the duration of the preliminary agreement hammered out in Geneva, Switzerland, by Iran and the P5+1 – the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council plus Germany.

“There are lots of things, regrettably, that we still have to work on. Our hope is that Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and Foreign Minister Javad Zarif want to build this different relationship, want to show in clear ways as we go forward that the program is peaceful,” U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry told CNN’s State of the Union.

20 questions about the deal

Iran has stumbled from one economic crisis to the next under the sanctions, and unemployment currently runs over 24%.

The breathing room is intended to buy Iran and the negotiating powers time to arrive at a more comprehensive agreement. But it represents an opportunity, not a guarantee.

“It’s a little too early to break open champagne bottles and put on the party hats on this one,” said Middle East diplomatic expert Aaron David Miller. “Its success hinges on whether or not it leads to a bigger agreement to “put Iran’s nuclear weapons program to rest.”

That the diplomats came to any accord at all represents a momentous budge in a nearly 35-year deadlock marked by distrust, suspicion and open animosity between the United States and Iran, which broke off diplomatic relations after Iran’s revolution in 1979.