Cuba Fast Facts

(CNN)Here's some background information about Cuba, a communist country located in the Caribbean Sea, approximately 90 miles south of Florida.

About Cuba

(from the CIA World Factbook)
    Area: 110,860 sq km (slightly smaller than Pennsylvania)
      Population: 11,032,343 (July 2021 est.)
      Median age: 42.1 years
      Capital: Havana
      Ethnic Groups: White 64.1%, mixed 26.6%, Black 9.3% (2012 est.)
      Unemployment: 2.6% (2017 est.)

      Other Facts

      Before the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, Cuba was receiving subsidies worth $4 billion-$6 billion a year.
      The United States pays Cuba approximately $4,085 a year to lease the 45 square miles that the Guantánamo Bay Naval Station occupies. Cuba has not accepted the payment since 1959.

      Timeline

      1492 - Explorer Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Cuba and claims it for Spain. Spain controls the island until 1898, making it a hub for the slave trade and the export of sugar and coffee.
      1898 - The United States assists Cubans in winning independence from Spain during the Spanish-American War. The Treaty of Paris gives the United States temporary control of Cuba.
      1902 - Cuba gains independence from the United States.
      1903 - The new Republic of Cuba leases 45 square miles of land in Guantánamo Bay to the United States for construction of a naval station. Building on the naval station begins that same year.
      1952 - Former President Fulgencio Batista stages a coup with the support of the army, and assumes power.
      July 26, 1953 - Fidel Castro and approximately 150 others attack the Moncada military barracks in Santiago de Cuba in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Batista regime.
      October 16, 1953 - Castro is sentenced to 15 years in prison.
      May 15, 1955 - Castro and his brother, Raul, are released as part of a general amnesty for political prisoners.
      December 2, 1956 - Eighty-two exiles land in Cuba, on a yacht named Granma. Most are killed immediately. The survivors, including the Castros, flee to the Sierra Maestra Mountains. During 1957-1958, they wage a guerrilla campaign from this base, which includes skirmishes with government troops and burning sugar crops.
      January 1, 1959 - Batista is overthrown by Castro's forces.
      1960 - Cuba nationalizes approximately $1 billion of US-owned property on the island. In response, the United States places a trade embargo on Cuba.
      January 1961 - The United States and Cuba end diplomatic relations.