The new report accusing Bashar al-Assad's regime of torture may shift the focus of the peace talks
Syrians may question the authenticity of the photos, writes CNN's Nic Robertson
Organizationally, the Syrian opposition is a mess, he says
Robertson: No one is expecting any major breakthroughs during one day of talks
The horrific new report accusing Syria’s embattled regime of torturing and killing thousands of detainees in government custody may not be a game-changer for the peace talks set to open in Switzerland on Wednesday, but they may well shift the narrative – if only for a day.
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has played some powerful cards ahead of the Geneva 2 talks. He has cranked up the airstrikes in Aleppo, Syria’s biggest city and one of the main flashpoints of the three-year civil war that has devastated the country. And he sent Foreign Minister Walid Moallem to Moscow last week to announce a cease-fire proposal in an attempt to set the stage for opposition groups to look bad if they don’t agree to the deal.
But when Syrian officials step in front of the cameras in Switzerland this week, the questions won’t be about ceasefire deals. They’ll be about the report, first revealed by CNN and the Guardian in an exclusive on Monday, alleging systematic “crimes against humanity” being committed against prisoners in Syrian jails.
There may be moments of discomfort for Foreign Minister Moallem here, but they’ll be fleeting ones. It would be quite normal for the Syrians to question the authenticity of the photos depicting torture and starvation of prisoners, to brush the issue aside or shift the focus to the atrocities they claim have been committed by rebels (or “terrorists,” as they’re known in government parlance). We certainly won’t see the Assad regime admitting culpability over this.
And while the timing of the report’s release clearly seems intended to push some much-needed wind into the sails of the groups opposed to Assad , it’s hard to see how they’ll benefit much from the new revelations. Organizationally, the opposition is a mess. Several of the largest groups, including the Syrian National Council, aren’t even showing up to the talks. Rival rebel factions are massacring each other by the hundreds in the streets and alleys of cities across Syria.
Even worse, none of the politicians who make up the majority of the Western-backed Syrian opposition are in the country, so they aren’t in control of the military forces battling Assad’s troops on the ground. The U.S. State Department said they hope a few rebel army leaders show up to the talks, but again, who are they and what weight do they actually carry? The principal rebel commander the U.S. was backing, Free Syrian Army general Salim Idris, fled the country in December. The influence of the group is being increasingly diminished by Islamist and al Qaeda-backed militants who the U.S. does not support.