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Man-eating tigress sparks terror in India
03:12 - Source: CNN

Story highlights

A tiger in India has been on a killing spree since late December

Frightened villagers want the man-eating cat shot dead

But a conservationist is working hard to capture the animal

There are only about 1,700 tigers left in India

Bijnor District, India CNN  — 

Nazim Khan scans the vast fields before him, thick with sugarcane stalks that stand taller than his 6-foot-2 frame. Somewhere out there is a man-eating tiger on the prowl.

A massive hunt has been launched in this part of northern India to catch the killer cat. At this point, two months into the Royal Bengal’s deadly spree, Khan sees no good ending.

The young wildlife conservationist knows the animal will either lose its own life or, at best, be captured and sent off to a zoo. It’s either the death penalty or life imprisonment for the Queen of the Jungle.

Either way, it will be wretched for both the cat and the conservationist after years of efforts to save India’s tigers from extinction. But frightened villagers and the families of victims want a swift end to the tiger’s reign of terror.

The tiger in question, believed to be a 4-year-old female, is thought to have killed 10 people, some mauled beyond recognition. Since late December, she has painted a trail of blood over an 80-mile swath of India’s Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states, where villagers are left with a kind of pervasive fear they have never before known.

The tiger’s last victim, a 50-year-old man, was killed February 10. She is past due for another kill. Nobody knows where she might strike.

Still, Khan is hopeful that he and a team of conservationists from the Wildlife Trust of India can get to the predator before anyone else does.

Dwindling population

On this day, conservationists and hunters have gathered to comb through territory not far from Jim Corbett National Park, India’s oldest wildlife park and one of several government-funded reserves set up to help conserve tigers.

At the start of the 20th century, nearly 40,000 tigers roamed freely in what was then British India. But the cats fell victim to hunters, poachers and development, and now their number has dwindled to 1,706, according to the last census conducted by the National Tiger Conservation Authority. Even with that low number, India remains home to the largest tiger population in the world.

Khan finds himself in a bizarre situation working in tandem with furious villagers who, understandably, show no sympathy for the feline and hunters armed with .357 Magnum rifles, eager to lodge a bullet in her heart.

“Their anger is justified,” Khan says.

Nazim Khan and other conservationists hope to find the tiger so it can be captured and not killed.

He gets off an elephant at a remote outpost being used by both wildlife officials hoping to tranquilize and capture the tiger and a group of sharpshooters out to kill her.

The hunters use open four-wheel drive vehicles. Khan and his colleagues have been tracking the tiger atop well-trained elephants.

Each elephant stands up to 13 feet tall and can plod through the roughest terrains. It’s the safest and best way to track a tiger, Khan says, though it can still be risky. Tigers can leap high – a 2008 tiger attack on a man on an elephant was documented in a video that went viral on YouTube.

Khan says he views himself as sort of a firewall between hunter and hunted.

At the outpost, he puts down his tranquilizer gun and walks over to the hunters on their lunch break. He smiles and talks with the tiger’s enemies as he shares a lunch of puris (fried bread) and sabzi (vegetables) with them. But he keeps mum on tracking information. He always erases fresh paw prints he finds to throw the hunters off.

It’s a matter of who can get to the tiger first. But that is far from simple.

Like a serial killer

The rogue tiger wandered off Corbett and began stalking human beings for prey, though no one can be sure why. Her first kill was on December 29.

Since then, the big cat has traveled from village to village, like a serial killer on the prowl. She has crossed train tracks and highways and taken advantage of uncut sugarcane fields and dense lantana growth on forest floors as camouflage.

“Usually tigers that have roamed off follow the same path back home to the park,” Khan says. “But this tiger is roaming all over the place. Clearly, she is looking for something.”

She is known to patiently lie in wait for vulnerable victims, all men and women from villages on the fringes of forest lands that form one of India’s last wild tiger habitats.

People have been attacked from behind while tending to crops or collecting firewood or taking cattle out to graze. Some were mauled in during the day. Others were taken at night and devoured, only to have their remains discovered many hours later. Sometimes the only clues to a grisly attack were a headscarf or a pair of shoes left behind and drying blood.

It takes an adult tiger a mere 30 seconds to a minute to kill a person, says Khan, with the reverence for the animals that he’s developed from childhood.

“A tiger is a perfect killing machine.”

Shoot to kill

Tigers have always been a part of Khan’s life. He was, after all, born and raised in Sherpur, which means tiger town in Hindi and was so named for the prevalence of the animals in these parts of Uttar Pradesh.

Mithilesh says women in her village are scared to work in the fields since the attacks. Many go out in groups of 15 or 20.

He grew up with sightings of tigers that roamed from forested lands into territory taken over by humans. He decided to dedicate his life to conservation when, as a child, he came across tiger cubs he thought cute.

He’d always known tigers to keep away from human beings; he’d certainly never seen them hunger for human flesh – until now.

Some media reports suggested the rogue tiger was separated from her cubs and was on a bloody quest to find them. A more plausible explanation for Khan is that the tiger was hurt in some form – perhaps a canine tooth injury – that prevented her from attacking stronger beasts.

After the first few kills, the tiger may have realized how much easier it was to seek human prey. Very few tigers that turn man-eaters revert back to their natural ways.

Officials in Uttar Pradesh have issued a shoot-to-kill order and licensed gunmen to hunt the tiger down. One of them, Rajendra Singh Raju, is convinced the animal injured her left hind foot. He insists he has seen paw prints that indicate the tiger is twisting her foot when walking. This, he says, would also explain why paw prints have been seen in ravines and soft sand, where it’s easier to walk.

“I don’t know how she was injured,” he says. “It could be she tried to kill a porcupine.”