pkg flores medical marijuana new york_00011011.jpg
Medical marijuana coming to New York?
02:38 - Source: CNN AP

Story highlights

New York Legislature passes bill that would allow medical marijuana use in non-smokable form

Bill awaits signature of Gov. Andrew Cuomo, who has expressed support

Under bill, a doctor can prescribe marijuana to patients with serious conditions

CNN  — 

The expected signature of New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo is all that is needed for the state to permit the use of medical marijuana.

The “Compassionate Care Act” was passed by the State Assembly early Friday, according to Jason Elan, a spokesman for Sen. Diane Savino, a sponsor of the bill. The state Senate later passed the bill.

Under the proposed law, doctors will be allowed to prescribe marijuana in a non-smokable form to patients with serious diseases and conditions that are recognized by the state on a predefined but flexible list of conditions.

On Friday, Cuomo reiterated his support for the measure, which could take up to 18 months to fully implement.

“Medical marijuana has significant upsides and significant potential downsides,” Cuomo told reporters. “We wanted to do right. And that was the balance that we had to find in this piece of legislation… It is a system that will provide the benefits to people who need it, which can be significant. Even for children, children with epilepsy. But it is a system that also has safeguards, will involve the State Police to monitor and supervise the system.”

In a statement, Savino, who represents New York City, called the measure “an historic victory for thousands of New Yorkers who will no longer have to suffer needlessly during their courageous medical battles.”

New York became the latest state to permit the use of medical marijuana on Monday.

The legalization of medical marijuana has had “overwhelming support” in state polls, State Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver has said in a statement.

Cuomo has said the act included criminal penalties in case a person tries to defraud the system, as well as a “fail safe” mechanism allowing the governor to “suspend the program at any time on recommendation of either the State Police Superintendent or the Commissioner of Health if there is a risk to the public health or public safety.”

New York will be the 23rd state, along with the District of Columbia, to allow medical marijuana in some form, according to information compiled by the National Conference of State Legislatures.

Among the states that allow medical marijuana are Connecticut, Vermont and New Jersey, each of which borders New York.

The momentum has picked up recently, with most of these efforts taking effect over the past decade.

A proponent of the measure, Missy Miller of Long Island, said she considered moving to California to gain access to a special strain of marijuana called Charlotte’s Web oil, a derivative that may help cease her son Oliver’s seizures.

Oliver, 14, suffered a stroke in utero that resulted in a brain stem injury. Among several other life-threatening consequences are seizures, sometimes more than a dozen a day.

“I am extremely relieved and proud to have been a part of helping bring necessary change that so many of us need,” Miller said.

But “I am quite concerned about the 18-month implementation, though, because Oliver does not have that time to wait. I am hopeful that some kind of expedited access plan can be worked out to help those with urgent need like Oliver.”

Opponents of the measure have said it was driven by politics.

“I think serious questions can be raised about using a political vehicle to achieve the use of a prescribable medication in America,” William Foster, president of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependency, told CNN when the plan was unveiled in January.

Pope Francis says he opposes making recreational drugs legal

Gupta: ‘I am doubling down’ on medical marijuana

Could pot push voters to the polls this fall?