Golf

Bobby Jones and the story of golf's Green Jacket

Updated 0856 GMT (1656 HKT) July 17, 2014
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Hoylake stands proudly on the Wirral Peninsula, just outside the city of Liverpool. It was built in 1869 and hosted the first Amateur Championship in 1885. It has hosted 11 previous Opens, the last in 2006, when Tiger Woods was triumphant. David Cannon/Getty Images
Augusta's famous green jacket has been awarded to the winner of The Masters every year since 1949, but its origins lie at Hoylake, host of this year's British Open. David Cannon/Getty Images
It was at Hoylake in 1930 that Bobby Jones won the British Open. Jones was the champion golfer of his age and one of the first sports stars to make the front pages of newspapers and magazines. Royal Liverpool Golf Club
The American was already a superstar, with nine major titles to his name before his UK trip. But he would write his name into golfing folklore with his achievements that year, accomplishing a feat that has never been matched. Royal Liverpool Golf Club
Jones had won the British Amateur at St. Andrew's the week before he arrived at Hoylake. Though he had the air of a confident man, according to Hoylake historian Joe Pinnington he was racked with nerves: "Jones hardly ate, he had a bit of toast and maybe a whiskey and water at the end of the day. He was in a right old ragged state." Royal Liverpool Golf Club
Despite the inner turmoil, Jones battled his way to the front of the field and eventually won his third Open crown by two strokes from compatriot Leo Diegel and Scotland's Macdonald Smith. Royal Liverpool Golf Club
Jones clutches the Claret Jug after his triumph. Having secured both British titles on offer, he headed back home to complete the grand slam by winning the U.S. Open and the U.S. Amateur -- taking him to 13 majors overall. Royal Liverpool Golf Club
Jones' British Open win also meant he captured something else -- a red blazer worn by all Hoylake members who had been captain of the golf club. He had been fascinated by the red jacket of Kenneth Stoker at a players' dinner prior to the tournament, and Stoker promised to give his to Jones should he triumph. Royal Liverpool Golf Club
Jones was made an honorary member at Hoylake after his victory. This meant the only three amateurs to win the British Open title had all been members at the club -- Harold Hilton and John Ball being the others. Royal Liverpool Golf Club
Jones was afforded a ticker-tape parade on his return to New York, with the Claret Jug and his new jacket in his luggage. Later, when he retired from golf at 28 and founded Augusta National Golf Club, members were given green jackets during The Masters tournament so they were easily identifiable. In 1949, Sam Snead was the first winner to be given a green jacket -- a tradition that endures today. Hulton Archive/Getty Images
Jones' portrait still hangs in the clubhouse at Hoylake. He was invited back for its centenary year in 1969 but was prevented from attending by ill health. In his correspondence with the club he noted that it was at Hoylake he played his first and last competitive rounds in Britain. David Cannon/Getty Images