North Korea releases two US detainees
Why did N. Korea release Bae and Miller?
03:11 - Source: CNN AP

Story highlights

North Korea's ''charm offensive'' coincides with release of U.N. report

North Korea has released Kenneth Bae and Matthew T. Miller

There are questions about why Pyongyang freed the Americans

North Korea analysts and experts are divided over why it took the step

CNN  — 

With Americans Kenneth Bae and Matthew Todd Miller back in the United States, the big question now is why did North Korean leader Kim Jong Un agree to their release?

Is it a sign Pyongyang wants better relations with Washington? Is it sending a message to its closest ally, China? Or is it a bid to shift the focus off its human rights record amid talk Kim could be charged with crimes against humanity?

“I think right now there is a charm offensive,” Gordon Chang, the author of “Nuclear Showdown: North Korea Takes On the World,” told CNN.

Something in Pyongyang, Chang believes, sparked the offensive. But just what stemmed the change is highly debated.

This much is clear: North Korea’s release of Bae and Miller on Saturday came amid a rare, last-minute trip by a top American official – Director of National Intelligence James Clapper, to Pyongyang, a senior State Department official told CNN on condition of anonymity.

Clapper, who was tapped by President Barack Obama as an envoy, made the trip after North Korea urged the United States to send a Cabinet-level official, the official said.

Clapper is not a member of Obama’s cabinet. He is the government’s spy chief.

The official said there were no discussions about North Korea’s nuclear program, and other U.S. officials told CNN there was no “quid pro quo” for the men’s release.

“I do believe it’s a positive sign,” Bill Richardson, a former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations who tried to win Bae’s release during a 2013 visit to North Korea, told CNN.

With North Korea “catching a lot of grief” on its human rights record in the United Nations, Richardson said it appears Pyongyang is sending a message that “we’re ready to talk.”

The secretive nation has been slapped with crippling U.N. sanctions. It has previously used negotiations surrounding its burgeoning nuclear program to get needed aid, such as food.

‘There may be a number of reasons’

But Joel Wit, a former State Department official who negotiated with North Korea, believes the release of Bae and Miller had very little to do with “a desperate cry for help.”

“There may be a number of reasons why North Korea may have released the two Americans now,” he said.

It could be as simple as North Korea made its point. “These people were put in jail for a certain amount of time, and now they can be released,” he said.

Or it could be that Kim is “communicating to China … that Pyongyang is trying to be reasonable, and the United States is not.”

Wit said it also could have something to do with North Korea’s effort to tamp down the possible fallout from a scathing U.N. Commission of Inquiry report cataloging North Korea’s abuses that the investigators said amounted to crimes against humanity.

“I think there is no doubt in the minds of anyone who follows North Korea closely that Kim Jong Un is in charge. There’s no doubt about that,” Wit said.

Kim, who took over as the absolute leader following the 2011 death of his father Kim Jong Il, personally ordered Bae and Miller released.

Early hopes that the younger Kim would be open to warming relations w