Zofia Bocian was 10 when she and her Polish family were deported to Russia's Siberia region in 1940. They were among hundreds of thousands of Poles deported by the invading Soviets during World War II. Recalling the sub-zero temperatures, she told photographer Tomasz Lazar that "mothers would take their children's shoes together with pieces of skin."
Tadeusz Szumowski was deported when he was 3. He recalls the beginnings of his exile only from his parents' stories. They were given an hour to pack before being transported to the nearest train station. In the corner of every train car, there was a hole for them to relieve themselves. "One mother lost a child on the way, so the soldier took it and threw it through that very hole," he said. "The mother stood by that hole during this whole period."