India ties itself in knots over International Yoga Day

Story highlights

The UN has declared that June 21 will be observed as International Yoga Day

Tens of thousands of people took part in a mass yoga session in New Delhi

Modi's yoga push has alienated some of India's Muslim community

Hong Kong CNN  — 

The Sanskrit word “yoga” may mean union but, for some in India, yoga has never been more divisive.

June 21 marks the first ever International Day of Yoga, an event that’s driven by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. A faithful yoga practitioner for years, Modi persuaded the United Nations last year to devote a day to the ancient discipline.

This Sunday, around 45,000 people in New Delhi attempted to break the world record for the single largest session of yoga.

Modi was present at the public demonstration which included civil servants and students, many of whom were ordered to practice their chaturangas and downward dogs ahead of the event.

Similar yoga events are being held all around the globe.

Modi’s worldwide yoga vision, however, isn’t sitting well with everyone. Some in India’s Muslim community, which makes up around 15% of the population, say they are feeling marginalized.

Religious associations

Although it’s viewed mainly as a form of physical exercise in the west, yoga carries religious associations in India.

Muslim associations like the influential Islamic scholars group, Jamiat Ulema I Hind, the All India Muslim Personal Law Board and several prominent imams have taken issue with a common sequence called “sun salutations” which they interpret as sun worship.

“Om” which is often chanted in yoga classes is also a sacred sound in Dharmic religions.

“We do not know how it has been approved by the UN,” Abdul Rahim Qureshi, an All India Muslim Personal Law Board spokesperson told CNN.

“A true Muslim cannot take part in yoga. The yoga is made compulsory for the primary and high school students. What are they teaching little children? The government should not take up this cause of yoga and impose them on non-Hindus.”

To ease the backlash, Indian authorities reassured the public that sun salutations would be dropped from the event, though chanting “om” would still be a part of it.

Government officials also pointed out that out of 177 sponsoring nations, 47 are from the Organization of Islamic Countries.

Who owns yoga?

Objections from India’s Muslim community are not the only point of strain. Although yoga’s roots are undeniably Indian, much of what is practiced today is an Americanized version.

There are over 25 million people who practice yoga in the United States alone, by far the largest single market, and that’s grown 33% since 2009, according to a study from the Sports and Fitness Industry Association.