The parade is designed to send various messages to domestic and foreign audiences --- including the United States and to regional rivals like Japan and Taiwan, both of which are engaged in territorial or sovereignty disputes with China.
The claim by government spokesman Qu Rui that 84% of the equipment on display will have "never been viewed by the public"
has amplified the 'buzz' around the event, though many of the capabilities involved in the parade will likely be familiar to some degree to defense and intelligence communities monitoring China's military..
Still, the lifting of the curtain -- even for a few hours -- on China's frequently opaque military modernization program will keep PLA watchers busy for weeks to come assessing the incremental evolutions and stark leaps forward in intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), amphibious assault, military space and counter-space, unmanned systems and land systems capabilities.
All of which are critical to China's modernization program and to pursuing territorial claims in the East and South China Seas.
China's development of more, better and a wider variety of ballistic and cruise missiles is of particular concern for the U.S., Japan and, especially, Taiwan, at which IHS Jane's estimates approximately 1,100 Chinese short-range ballistic missiles are targeted.
Indeed, the 2014 U.S. Department of Defense Quadrennial Defense Review
asserted that "growing numbers of accurate conventional ballistic and cruise missile threats represent an additional cost-imposing challenge to U.S. and partner naval forces and land installations" across the Western Pacific.
This missile threat complicates U.S. power projection efforts while also raising the possibility that current missile defense systems of regional allies and partners could be overwhelmed by clusters of Chinese cruise and ballistic missiles fired from land, air and sea.
Given their strategic and operational importance, missiles are certain to play a prominent role in the parade. State news agency Xinhua, has already noted
that "the scale and number of missiles (on display) will surpass any previous outing."
Speculation about specific systems that may appear in the parade has concentrated on the DF-16, a newly developed short-range ballistic missile and the DF-21D anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM), known as the 'carrier killer', among others.
The operational status of the DF-21D is uncertain outside the PLA, but the ASBM capability, especially when targeted against aircraft carriers, is novel and potentially game-changing.
The JL-2 submarine launched ballistic missile, thought to be nearing deployment, enhances the range of China's strategic at-sea deterrent and plausibly changes the calculus of U.S.-China nuclear deterrence.
Whatever the final mix of missiles included in the parade, observers will be looking closely at the contour and dimensions of missiles to determine improvements in range, speed, mobility and survivability of the systems.
Examination of warheads will help determine what types of missions China's next generation of missiles will carry out as well as whether the missile is capable of carrying multiple independent reentry vehicles (MIRVs) that will further stress regional missile defense systems.
Military aviation platforms will also be of interest to observers in Washington and across the Western Pacific.
China's two most well-known fifth generation fighter development programs,
the J-20 and J-31 (the latter of which will eventually be made available for export) are likely to feature.
have speculated that a third fifth generation platform, the J-18, a carrier based vertical takeoff and landing fighter jet about which little is known, may make an appearance as well, emphasizing the diversity and sophistication of China's future stealthy attack fleet and its ambitions to develop a carrier strike wing over time.
In addition, the possible inclusion of new indigenously developed capabilities such as the Y-8GX6 maritime surveillance and anti-submarine warfare aircr