(CNN) CHRISTIANE AMANPOUR, CNN HOST: Dr. Larijani, welcome to the program. Thanks for joining us from New York today.
ALI LARIJANI, SPEAKER OF IRAN'S PARLIAMENT: (Speaking foreign language).
LARIJANI (through translator): OK, it's good to be here. I'm ready to answer your questions.
AMANPOUR: Mr. Larijani, can you tell me, as speaker of the Iranian parliament and a former chief nuclear negotiator, do you support this deal that has been reached with the United States and other world powers?
LARIJANI (through translator): Of course I have explained about this before. But in general, I think this is an acceptable agreement. There might be some shortcomings in it, but overall I think it's a good deal.
AMANPOUR: So do you believe that your parliament will approve it, even though it's just a small committee?
And when will Iran's supreme national Security Council deliver its view on this deal?
LARIJANI (through translator): They have already started discussing about the deal in both the parliament and the supreme national security council. There are different voices being heard in the parliament. There are some people who believe that the deal has its own problems and shortcomings.
And some believe that these problems are major ones. But anyway, we have to wait and see what happens.
Of course, there are other people who agree with the deal in the parliament, in its totality. But those who are opposed to it are actually raising some concerns about particular components inside the deal.
As I said, we have to give them time to raise their voice and to discuss it.
AMANPOUR: Do you believe it will be accepted by Iran's institutions?
The Supreme Leader has not yet said whether he fully backs it or not; he's praised the negotiators but will it be accepted by Iran and the institutions?
LARIJANI (through translator): I cannot tell you for sure now; I cannot have a clear judgment whether it will be approved or not. We have to look into the positives and the negatives of the deal. But I can tell you that the parliament will pass its judgment in a month. And by that time, we will have come to an assessment.
AMANPOUR: Well, that time is around about the time that the U.S. parliament, the U.S. Congress, will also come to its judgment.
What is your view of the incredibly divisive debate inside the United States on this deal?
LARIJANI (through translator): Yes, I've heard about those hot debates going on in the U.S. Congress. And I believe that there are some people over there who are exaggerating things and they are saying things like the deal is hugely in favor of Iran. And because of all these exaggerations now, there is this joke going on between the Iranian politicians -- the Iranian politicians are saying that it is like drinking water from a firefighter's hose.
But anyway, I should tell you that the Americans continued to bully us even during the negotiations. But ultimately -- and thank God, the Islamic Republic of Iran managed to fulfil some of its demands and to put several things in the deal which are in our favor.
AMANPOUR: But sitting in New York now and looking at the news analysis and the reports of the votes that President Obama is accumulating inside the Congress, do you believe the U.S. Congress will support, approve this deal?
LARIJANI (through translator): Of course, I'm only familiar with certain number of analyses offered by U.S. politicians. But I think this deal is a more realistic solution because the Americans adopted a different path in the past regarding the Iranian nuclear issue, which was based more on bullying or intimidation. And of course sanctions.
But it proved to be very ineffective and that's why the Americans chose another way and that was negotiations. And I think this path that they chose is a more realistic one. And it is a beginning for a better understanding for other issues as well. I mean, the regional and international issues. And I think because there was not such a proper understanding in the past, there were some challenges between us.
But I think this agreement can be a beginning for a better understanding on different issues.
AMANPOUR: Well, let me ask that, because there's been a lot of talk about whether this could be the beginning of a broader cooperation.
Do you see it as that?
Is this going to be the beginning of, let's say, changes in Iran working with the United States or Iran policy, for instance, towards Syria and other such really important issues right now?
LARIJANI (through translator): I think we should not rush to any kind of conclusion or judgment. This all depends on the attitude and the behavior of the U.S., especially when it comes to the region or international issues.
If they choose to adopt a realistic attitude or approach vis-à-vis Iran and if the U.S. abandons this bullying, then it can positively impact our relationship with it.
AMANPOUR: You speak fairly positively. Yet the head of the Revolutionary Guard has today called the United States still the Great Satan, despite this deal.
Do you believe that?
Is the United States still the Great Satan for Iran?
LARIJANI (through translator): You know, we have to somehow look at the past and see why some people are using that title for the U.S. You know, it was the U.S. -- I mean, the former president of the U.S. that started different wars in my region, which resulted in huge damages, like the war in Afghanistan or in Iraq or even the 33-day war in Lebanon, which was waged by Israel.
Now we know that it was the U.S. that was supporting Israel in that war and -- or even in the war, between Iran and Iraq, new documents have been released which show that it was the U.S. that encouraged Saddam Hussein to attack Iran.
So I just wanted to remind that it is because of such actions that people in Iran are using those terms or are pessimistic about the relationship between Iran and the U.S. And as I said, if the U.S. chooses to adopt a more realistic approach and attitude towards Iran, then those habits and those terms will naturally change.
AMANPOUR: Well, then, let me ask you this, because Syria is obviously a massive crisis right now. Many, many people say that if it wasn't for Iran's military support to the Assad regime, along with Hezbollah, that this war would have been over a long time ago.
Iran now promises to deliver a peace plan to end the war.
When will we see it?
LARIJANI (through translator): I think the regional issues are relatively complicated and you have to look at them in a much deeper way; if not for Iranian help in Syria, the terrorists would have advanced even further. And you should have no doubt that Syria would end up in a situation that was much worse than the situa