Of the 2,114 civilians killed, 78 were children and 116 were women, the SORH said in a press release
. Civilians were killed by firing squad, beheaded, stoned, thrown off high buildings or burned, SOHR said.
The other people executed included fighters for the Syrian regime, militiamen loyal to the regime and rebel groups like al-Qaeda in Levant, SOHR said.
CNN could not independently verify the information from SOHR. Its website says SOHR is a nonprofit group
not connected to any political body or nation.
ISIS even executed 422 of its own members for offenses such as trying to defect, spying for foreign counties and acts of "extremism" against Islam, such as ascribing divine characteristics to Islamic figures or another person, SOHR said.
SOHR said people were killed for apostasy, cursing Allah, adultery, espionage, being a member of the national defense, contacting the Al-Nusra Front and homosexuality. A woman was killed for escaping from her husband.
Civilians were massacred in several places: 939 Arab Sunni civilians were killed in the eastern countryside of Deir Ezzor; 223 Kurdish civilians were killed in Kobani and the nearby village of Barkh Botan; and 46 were killed in the village of Al-Mab'oujeh.
During the period of December 29 to January 29, ISIS killed 188 people, including 113 civilians, the release said. Sixty-four were Syrian regime forces or militiamen loyal to the regime, the release said.
The extremist group announced the establishment of a "caliphate," an Islamic state stretching across the western and northern Iraq, in June 2014.
The leader of the caliphate is Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri al Samarrai, more commonly known as Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.