International Criminal Court Fast Facts

Congolese warlord Thomas Lubanga hears the first-ever sentence delivered by the ICC in the Hague, on July 10, 2012.

(CNN)Here's a look at the International Criminal Court (ICC), a court comprised of 123 states from around the world.


Although created by the Rome Statute, a treaty first brought before the United Nations, the ICC operates as an independent entity.
    The court is located in The Hague, Netherlands.
    The ICC is the "court of last resort," and came into force on July 1, 2002. The court tries four types of crimes: genocide, crimes against humanity, crimes of aggression and war crimes. It is not intended to replace a national justice system.
    The United States is a signatory to the treaty, but not a party.
    Cases are referred to the court by national governments or the United Nations Security Council.
    The 18 judges serve nine-year terms.


    July 17, 1998 - The Rome Statute is adopted by 120 states, informally establishing the permanent ICC. Seven members of the United Nations vote against the statute: the United States, China, Iraq, Israel, Libya, Qatar and Yemen.
    July 1, 2002 - The Rome Statute enters into force after ratification by 60 countries.
    October 12, 2016 - Burundi votes to withdraw from the ICC, but is still listed as a party.
    October 21, 2016 - South Africa announces it is withdrawing from the ICC, saying parts of the Rome statute conflict with the country's own laws which give heads-of-state, particularly ones they're trying to reach peace and stability with, diplomatic immunity. In March 2017, South Africa officially cancels its withdrawal.
    November 10, 2016 - Gambia notifies the ICC that it is withdrawing, citing bias against Africans. Gambia cancels its withdrawal in February 2017.
    October 27, 2017 - Burundi effectively withdraws from the ICC, becoming the first member state to do so.
    March 14, 2018 - Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte says in a statement that the country has given notice that it will withdraw from the ICC. The announcement follows the ICC's February 8 statement that it has started an inquiry into Duterte's controversial war on drugs. The action goes into effect on March 17, 2019.

    Selected Trials

    Jean-Pierre Bemba

    November 22, 2010 - The trial begins for former Congolese Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba, who is accused of three counts of war crimes and two counts of crimes against humanity for failing to keep his forces from raping and killing civilians in Central African Republic in 2002-2003.
    March 21, 2016 - The ICC declares Bemba guilty on two counts of crimes against humanity and three counts of war crimes.
    June 21, 2016 - Bemba is sentenced to 18 years in prison.
    October 19, 2016 - The ICC convicts Bemba and four members of his legal team of interfering with witnesses during his original trial.
    June 8, 2018 - Bemba's 18-year jail sentence is overturned by the appeals court.
    June 13, 2018 - The court orders Bemba's "interim release," pending sentencing on his other conviction.
    September 17, 2018 - Bemba receives a one year suspended sentence and is fined 300,000 euros (almost $350,000) for his witness tampering conviction.

    Laurent Gbagbo and