Baltusrol Golf Club: Host of the 2016 PGA Championship

By Gary Morley, CNN

Published 1325 GMT (2125 HKT) July 27, 2016
Phil Mickelson Baltusrol 2005 PGAPhil Mickelson Baltusrol 2005 PGA
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The PGA Championship returns to Baltusrol Golf Club for the final major of the 2016 season. The last time it staged the tournament in 2005, Phil Mickelson won the second of his five major titles after a dramatic flop-shot from the rough that earned a birdie on the final hole. Baltusrol Golf Club
Baltusrol is one of only four U.S. golf courses to have National Historic Landmark status. Getty Images/Getty Images North America/Getty Images/file
Deer roam freely on the grounds -- as seen during Monday's practice rounds ahead of the 2016 event. The club has regular culls with licensed hunters. Andrew Redington/Getty Images North America/Getty Images
Founded in 1895, the Springfield, New Jersey club has hosted some of the biggest names in golf. Getty Images/Getty Images North America/Getty Images/file
A plaque on the 18th fairway commemorates the famous 1-iron that Jack Nicklaus hit to secure his win in the 1967 U.S. Open. Scott Halleran/Getty Images North America/Getty Images/file
Nicklaus birdied the final hole to break the U.S. Open scoring record with a four-round total of five-under-par 275. Baltusrol Golf Club
Arnold Palmer's "Army" indicated where they wanted Nicklaus to hit the ball, but the "Golden Bear" triumphed by four shots over his great rival. Baltusrol Golf Club
In 1980, the Baltusrol galleries chanted "Jack is Back" as Nicklaus won his fourth and final U.S. Open title, beating his own scoring record. Notice the periscopes used by fans to see the action. Baltusrol Golf Club
Second-placed Isao Aoki was paired with Nicklaus all four rounds, and the Japanese golfer also beat the American's 1967 scoring milestone. Baltusrol Golf Cubl
Baltusrol's Old Course hosted five major tournaments before the club was extensively redeveloped, including the 1915 U.S. Open (pictured). Four-time U.S. amateur champ Jerry Travers won his only U.S. Open title -- by one shot -- and retired soon after. Baltusrol Golf Club
The Old Course featured the first island green built in the U.S. Ringed by a moat, it was one of the most photographed holes of its day. It became the par-three 16th hole on the new Lower Course, surrounded by bunkers instead of water. Baltusrol Golf Club
The club reopened in 1922 with two layouts -- the Lower and Upper Courses, both of which have staged major tournaments. Pictured is the "Great Hazard" designed by course architect A. W. Tillinghast for the Lower's 17th fairway. Baltusrol Golf Club
Baltusrol's next major after reopening was the 1926 U.S. Amateur, where George von Elm beat Bobby Jones in the final on the Lower Course. Tillinghast can be seen standing in the far background overseeing play duirng a practice round. Baltusrol Golf Club
In 1936, Tony Manero won the U.S. Open on Baltusrol's Upper Course for his only major title. Baltusrol Golf Club
In the final round Manero was paired with the legendary Gene Sarazen, who had reportedly asked to play with his close friend. Manero, a qualifier for the tournament, shot a new U.S. Open scoring record of 282 to eclipse the mark set in 1916 by four strokes. Baltusrol Golf Club
Players practice putting in front of the clubhouse in 1936. Originally a converted barnhouse -- the course was built on a farm -- it burned down in 1909 and was rebuilt in a Tudor revival style. Baltusrol Golf Club
The 1954 U.S. Open was played on the Lower Course, but winner Ed Furgol showed great ingenuity to play a recovery shot to the 18th fairway on the Upper layout in order to reach the final hole. Baltusrol Golf Club
Furgol made par on the 72nd hole to win his only major title, in the first U.S. Open to be nationally televised -- for one hour of the final round. Baltusrol Golf Club
Baltusrol has hosted four women's majors. In 1961, Mickey Wright (center) won the third of her four U.S Open titles, by six shots on the Lower Course. Baltusrol Golf Club
In 1985, Kathy Baker won the U.S. Women's Open on the Upper Course -- her only major title. Baltusrol Golf Club
Baltusrol's next major was in 1993. Payne Stewart (left, sporting the colors of the Buffalo Bills NFL team) congratulates Lee Janzen -- who beat the 1991 champion by two shots to win the first of his two U.S. Opens, equaling Nicklaus' 1980 scoring record. Spot the photographers in the trees. Baltusrol Golf Club
Ahead of the 2005 PGA Championship, a special monument to Nicklaus was officially dedicated. The 18-time major winner said of the club: "I shall always count Baltusrol among my favorite courses -- it is certainly one of the finest in the world." Baltusrol Golf Club
"Nobody would mistake Baltusrol Lower for charming," according to Golfweek's Bradley S. Klein, a former PGA Tour caddy. "It's more of a steady grind over flawlessly manicured turfgrass." Getty Images/Getty Images North America/Getty Images/file
Klein wrote that "considerable" tree management since Mickelson's 2005 PGA win has created more space and provided more sunlight. Pictured is a general view of the fourth hole in 2003. Getty Images/Getty Images North America/Getty Images/file
At the 1993 U.S. Open, John Daly became the first golfer to reach the green at the Lower Course's 630-yard par-five 17th hole in two shots. He repeated the feat at the 2005 PGA. Baltusrol Golf Club
In 2005, Mickelson was grouped with Adam Scott (teeing off) and Sergio Garcia -- they are all again in the field for the 2016 event. Baltusrol Golf Club
Daly, the 1991 PGA winner, is also in the field at Baltusrol but Tiger Woods -- who tied for fourth in 2005 (pictured) and has won the tournament four times -- is still sidelined with long-term back problems. Stuart Franklin/Getty Images North America/Getty Images/file