Heroism of Scottish missionary who died in Auschwitz revealed in new documents

Jane Haining

Story highlights

  • Jane Haining refused to leave Jewish girls at a Budapest school
  • She was arrested and died in Auschwitz - new documents cast light on her bravery

(CNN)Fresh light has been cast on the extraordinary and heartbreaking story of a Scottish missionary who gave her life to protect hundreds of Jewish schoolgirls during the Holocaust.

A handwritten will and previously unpublished photographs give a fascinating insight into the life of Jane Haining, who died at Auschwitz in 1944.
    The 47-year-old refused to abandon Jewish girls in her care -- many of whom were orphans -- when she was a matron at the Jewish Mission School run by the Scottish Mission in Budapest, Hungary.
      She protected 315 students at the school for four long years before finally being betrayed, which led to her arrest by the Gestapo.
      Before her arrest, Haining had been urged to return to Scotland. But she refused, declaring "I shall continue to do my duty," according to the documents.
      Jane Haining and her girls having fun on Lake Balaton before the darkness of the Second World War
      "If these children need me in days of sunshine, how much more do they need me in days of darkness."
        The new material, which will soon be handed over to the National Library of Scotland, was recently rediscovered in a box in the World Mission Council's archive at the church offices in Edinburgh.
        One document is an extract from a report delivered by Polish Bishop Laszlo Ravasz in 1945 -- a year after Haining died at Auschwitz.
        It explains that she had three times been ordered by her superiors to abandon the girls and return home.
        Jane was so devoted to the girls at the school, many of whom were orphans, that when war broke out she took huge personal risks to feed and clothe them
        According to the bishop -- a member of the Reformed Church who also helped to save Jews -- Haining always replied: "I shall continue to do my duty and stick to my post."
        Despite being under surveillance, Haining, a farmer's daughter from Dunscore in Dumfriesshire, went to a market at 5 a.m. most days to buy food for the girls.
        She also cut up her leather luggage to make soles for their worn-out shoes.
        She was finally betrayed by the cook's son-in-law, whom she caught eating scarce food intended for the girls.
        Haining was arrested by two officers from the Nazi secret police and charged with eight offenses including "working among the Jews," "weeping when seeing the girls wearing yellow stars," "listening to news broadcasts on the BBC," and "visiting British prisoners of war," according to a post on the Church of Scotland's Facebook page.
        Haining's will, written in 1942,  shows she was well aware of the fact she was risking her life for the  girls
        She was sent to Auschwitz in Nazi-controlled Poland -- the same camp as some of her students -- where she died of "cachexia (wasting of the body) following intestinal catarrh," according to her death certificate.
        The documents were discovered by chance in an attic at the archives in Edinburgh by researchers who were preparing for an exhibition in Budapest marking the 175th anniversary this weekend of the Church of Scotland Mission being founded there.