Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and the head of the FARC, guerrilla Timoleon Jimenez, shake hands during the second signing of the historic peace agreement.
Colombia, FARC rebels sign revised peace deal
03:35 - Source: CNN

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Colombia's lower house of Congress unanimously approved peace accord

Deal marks end of more than five decades of conflict, giving FARC 150 days to lay down weapons

CNN  — 

Colombia’s Congress has approved a historic peace agreement that will lead to the disarming of rebels in the 52-year conflict.

The lower house Wednesday approved the revised deal between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC. The vote was 130-0 and came after about 11 hours of debate.

The rebels have 150 days to put down their arms, according to the legislation.

Last week marked the second time this year that Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and FARC leader Rodrigo Londoño have signed a peace deal aimed at ending Latin America’s longest war.

In October, Colombian voters rejected the first version of the agreement in a national referendum, sending negotiators back to the table.

This time, the revised peace agreement went to Congress for approval.

Santos was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize this year for “his resolute efforts” to end the civil war, which is the longest running conflict in the region.

Some critics have said the changes to the peace agreement are merely cosmetic, but key players supported the agreement.

Todd Howland, Representative of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights in Colombia, voiced concerns about what he and his teams were already seeing following the negotiations.

“These empty lots left by the FARC are supposedly to be filled by the State, working to transform the illicit economy to licit,” he said, referencing land the group had occupied. “This is not happening right now. Instead, other illegal groups are entering into these areas.” During the last two months, he said his field teams have encountered FARC soldiers asking what is going to happen to them, saying some members are already being offered work with criminal groups.

Half a century of conflict

US influence in Latin America

  • During the war against communism, the CIA supported governments and groups against leftist rebels.
  • It also participated in coups such as the 1973 coup against Chile’s socialist President Salvador.
  • The CIA’s effort to overthrow Fidel Castro’s Cuban communist regime in 1961 culminated in the Bay of Pigs invasion. The CIA trained Cuban exiles to rid Fidel from power but in failure the agency was exposed and Castro remained.
  • One of the most controversial US involvements was the Iran-Contra Affair, where Nicaraguan rebels were backed by the US and funded by profits made from selling weapons to Iran.
  • The US has funded the Colombian government to the tune of billions of dollars in its fight against FARC and the drug war.

    The battle between FARC and the country’s government has been devastating. It began in 1964, after the success of the Cuban revolution, with rebels wanting to forcibly redistribute wealth.

    In the more than five decades since it started, the armed group has seized territory, attacked government forces and interfered with political life through high-profile kidnappings. As decades passed, thousands of people were killed. Up to 220,000 died in the insurgency and as many as 5 million people were displaced – more than one out of every 10 Colombians.

    Funded by a sophisticated cocaine trafficking network and armed with child soldiers, the rallying cries to protect an agrarian society had begun to sound antiquated and obsolete.

    “Guerrilla war is no longer seen as a reasonable way to contest power,” Cynthia Arnson, director of the Latin America Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, had previously told CNN.