New antibiotics needed for these bacteria

Published 1550 GMT (2350 HKT) February 27, 2017
Acinetobacter baumaniiAcinetobacter baumanii
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Topping the list as a "critical priority," Acinetobacter baumannii is a common cause of hospital-acquired infections, picked up both in hospital and in healthcare settings, such as nursing homes. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Medical Illustrator
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is another common hospital-acquired infection with resistance to the main drug used against it, carbapenem. CDC/ Janice Haney Carr
Enterobacteriaceae are a group of bacteria that include E.Coli (pictured). They are also showing significant resistance to the antibiotic carbapenem and are commonly picked up in hospitals. One in 25 hospital patients in the US are estimated to acquire at least one bacterial infection in hospital, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NIAID
Enterococcus faecium is a member of a group of bugs known as the ESKAPE pathogens. These bacteria are commonly picked up in the hospital, potentially infecting the urinary tract, the bloodstream, or wounds from surgical procedures. CDC/ Janice Haney Carr
In the "high" category, MRSA are typically acquired in hospitals and are showing resistance to the main drugs used against them, but have a few options remaining. Center for Disease Control
Campylobacter are among the most common cause of food poisoning and diarrhea. They are now showing resistance against the drug fluoroquinolone. Center for Disease Control
Some drugs still work against salmonella, though the bacteria are showing increasing resistance. They are a common cause of food poisoning. Courtesy of CDC.
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacteria that cause gonorrhea, are developing resistance to the main drugs used against them. Left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious health problems, including pelvic inflammatory disease in women and a painful condition in the tubes attached to the testicles in men. Center for Disease Control
Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria are showing resistance to penicillin. Other options remain possible to treat the infection for now, but resistance is emerging. Infection can cause a range of symptoms, including pneumonia and meningitis. Center for Disease Control
Shigella bacteria are showing resistance to fluoroquinolone and increasingly to second-line drugs used against them. They infect the intestine and cause diarrhea. Center for Disease Control