Their coffins were laid out on marble slabs in front of the mosque and draped in the three-star Syrian revolution flag -- a tribute to Ouruba Barakat and her daughter Halla's commitment to the uprising in Syria. Their prayer services were held at Fatih Mosque as crying friends and family looked on.
Some funeral attendees flew flags with "Free Syria" written on them.
The Istanbul killing was uncovered when friends began to worry that 22-year-old Halla was not responding to phone calls and text messages. They notified authorities, who discovered the stabbed bodies in their home located on the Asian side of the Bosphorus River.
They had been wrapped in a blanket with detergent poured over it, state news agency Anadolu reported. Authorities suspect the detergent was used to cover up the smell, according to Anadolu. There was no sign of forced entry in the preliminary investigation, the news agency said.
The investigation is ongoing.
"The crime happened sometime between Wednesday morning and Thursday afternoon," said Moatez Shaklab, secretary general of the Syrian Revolution Coordinators Union, which the Barakat family authorized to speak on its behalf.
Shaklab told CNN that the elder Barakat had recently received threatening telephone calls for her work with the Syrian opposition. "Someone told her over the phone that now is the time to silence you," he said. "She didn't take the threats seriously because her activism work had granted her many similar threats in the past."
The family last lived in Syria for more than a decade before the civil war began.
Ouruba Barakat, 60, an activist who also was a journalist, was a critical voice against the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. She was a former member of a Syrian opposition group and active in helping Syrian refugees in Turkey.
Family friends who knew Ouruba describe her as having a strong character.
"She challenged her society from the day she began her work in the media," said Rand Skhita, a 32-year-old human rights activist who had once lived in the same neighborhood as the Barakat family in Idlib City, Syria.
Skhita said they used to vacation together when Halla was just a "sweet little girl who spoke broken Arabic."
Halla, a natural born American citizen, worked as a journalist for TRT World before joining pro-Syrian opposition Orient Net English.
The United States condemned the slayings and promised to follow the investigation closely.