First day on the job: Meet Germany's new far-right politicians

Alice Weidel and Alexander Gauland will lead the AfD in parliament.

Berlin (CNN)Germany's 709 members of parliament are gathering Tuesday for the first time since federal elections exactly one month ago.

All eyes will be on the 92 lawmakers representing Alternative for Germany (AfD), the first far-right party to enter the country's parliament in almost 60 years.
The anti-immigration, anti-Islam AfD became the third largest party in the Bundestag after winning 12.6% of the vote, a result described by leading party figures as a "political earthquake."
    CNN spoke to four of the new arrivals to find out who they are and what they want their party to achieve -- and to experts who have been watching their rise.


      The party's leaders put immigration front and center in their election campaign, naming it as one of the AfD's top priorities in parliament.
      "First and foremost we must end the migration chaos," says Karsten Hilse, 53, one of the AfD's three directly-elected members of parliament. The former police officer won 33% of the votes in his constituency near Dresden in eastern Germany, pushing Chancellor Angela Merkel's CDU into second place.
        He is extremely critical of Merkel's open-door policy towards refugees and -- like many AfD politicians -- insists that she broke the law when she briefly opened the borders in September 2015. He wants to see Merkel investigated.
        Karsten Hilse was elected to the German parliament in September's elections.
        But his discontent goes much further than one policy. In a campaign speech in September, he made his anti-immigration views clear, arguing that German values were threatened by the arrival of people "who reject our way of life."
        "We are being heterogenized and diluted," Hilse said, and "the German people ... are meant to silently accept this change and ultimately the loss of our homeland."
        Joana Cotar, 44, born in Romania and now living in Hesse in central Germany, is one of ten women representing the AfD; she takes a less hardline stance on immigration. "I am concerned to help people who need help, those who have a right to asylum," she says.
        Joana Cotar worked in social media before being elected to the German parliament.
        But she too wants to see a shift in the country's migration policy. "Germany has a mammoth task to overcome ... I think our country and the population here is simply overwhelmed."
        Analysis: The party won't be in government, and isn't even the largest opposition party. But Henning Meyer, social scientist at the London School of Economics, is convinced its 94 politicians will have a big impact on refugee policy.
        "The AfD is not in a position in parliament to block anything," Meyer says. But he believes they will "change the discourse, change the narrative and pull other parties to the right."
        It's already happened, he says: Just a week after the election, in which Merkel's party lost almost a million votes to the AfD, the Chancellor agreed to implement a type of refugee cap, a policy she had explicitly rejected early in the campaign.

        The European Union

        Unlike other far-right parties in Europe, the AfD is not calling for Germany to leave the European Union. But it is fundamentally opposed to the idea of "ever closer union," as championed by Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron.
        "The last thing we need is more EU," says Cotar. "We need less EU; we don't need paternalism of the nation states."
        "We should all regulate our own issues at a national level. However, where we need to work together with the EU we should ... on the issue of border control, for example. This is a topic for the EU but it has failed so far."
        Newly elected member of parliament Siegbert Drose, 48, is an even stronger opponent of a federalized Europe.
        Siegbert Drose grew up in East Germany and joined the AfD soon after it was formed in 2013.