As Nipah virus spread is suspected, government to compensate victims

Attendants wear masks as a precaution against the Nipah virus as they help a patient Wednesday, May 23, 2018, at the Government Medical College hospital in Kozhikode, in the southern Indian state of Kerala.

New Delhi (CNN)The Nipah virus outbreak in India's southern state of Kerala is suspected to have spread to the neighboring state of Karnataka, where two people are being tested for it, a health official told CNN.

A 20-year-old woman and a 75-year-old man in the port city of Mangalore showed symptoms of the virus -- which can cause fatal brain inflammation -- after traveling to Kerala, where they came into contact with infected patients, said Dr. Rajesh BV, a district surveillance officer in Karnataka.
"We are still waiting for their blood results, but we have seen their condition is improving," he added.
    Eleven people have died in the outbreak, Rajeev Sadanandan, additional chief secretary for Kerala's Department of Health and Family Welfare, told CNN. Another 14 people are confirmed to have contracted Nipah virus, while 22 are awaiting test results after showing symptoms.
    The situation is "under control," with a Central Expert Team continuously reviewing treatment procedures, infection control practices and the availability of personal protective equipment, Sadanandan said.
    "There is no need to panic, and ... the situation is under control with the State Government constantly monitoring the situation in a proactive manner," state health authorities said Thursday in a statement released after a meeting of the National Disaster Management Authority.

    Victims' relatives will get money

    Among the dead is a nurse, Lini Puthussery, who was treating patients at Perambra Taluk Hospital in the district of Kozhikode, where the outbreak began, officials have said.
    The government of Kerala state announced Wednesday it will compensate her family. In a tweet, the office of Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan wrote that 1 million Indian rupees (about $14,600) will be given to each of Puthussery's two children.
    In addition, her husband, Sajeesh, will be offered a government job.
    The government also announced it will give 500,000 Indian rupees (about $7,300) to each family that lost a relative to Nipah virus.

    Bats found near site of first cases

    The outbreak began in mid-May in Kozhikode district and spread to neighboring Malappuram and Wayanad districts, all in the southern state of Kerala.
    Indians standing in a queue outside the Government Medical College hospital in Kozhikode wear masks as a precaution against the Nipah virus.
    The first cases were reported on May 19 in a family from Kozhikode, after which India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the World Health Organization, or WHO, were alerted. India's health ministry deployed a response team to Kerala on Monday.
    Fruit bats, which are natural hosts of Nipah virus, were found in an unused well near the family's house, along with rabbits being bred that had recently died, the WHO said. The bat family, Pteropodidae, can spread severe disease to farm animals including pigs, which can result in substantial economic losses.
    People can become infected after contact with infected bats, other animals or other people.

    Brain inflammation and coma are possible

    Initial symptoms of Nipah virus can include headaches and drowsiness, and patients can slip into a coma within days, according to the US Centers for Disease C