Cocaine and heroin supplies hit 'record highs' globally

Coast Guard personnel stand aboard the USS Boutwell while officials unload bails of cocaine caught at sea while on deployment in 2015 at Naval Base San Diego, California.

Story highlights

  • Cannabis was the most widely used drug in 2016
  • Drug use among those age 40 and above is increasing at a faster rate than younger demographics

(CNN)Cocaine supplies and heroin seizures have hit a record high, a new report finds.

Supplies of cocaine in 2016 and opium from 2016 to 2017 hit their highest ever recorded levels, according to the 2018 World Drug report released by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on Tuesday.
    Non-medical use of prescription drugs, such as fentanyl, are also becoming a major threat to public health, increasingly contributing to overdose deaths, particularly in the United States.
    Globally, deaths from drug use reached an estimated 450,000 in 2015. Nearly 40% of those deaths resulted from the direct result of drug use -- primarily overdoses from opioids. The remaining 60% of those deaths were attributable to the indirect use of drugs, such as HIV and Hepatitis C obtained from unsafe injections.
    The report also found that fentanyl and its analogues remain particularly problematic in the United States and Canada, while the use of non-medical tramadol -- another type of opioid painkiller -- is increasing in Asia and "soaring in parts of Africa," the report finds.
    Coast Guard personel stand aboard the USS Boutwell while officials unload bails of cocaine caught at sea while on deployment on April 16, 2015 at Naval Base San Diego in San Diego, California.
    "Drug markets are expanding, with cocaine and opium production hitting absolute record highs, presenting multiple challenges on multiple fronts," said UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov in a statement.
    "The real problematic issues for us have been the increase in opium production in Afghanistan and the massive increase in cocaine production, particularly because of Colombia," added Thomas Pietschmann, a drug research expert at the UNODC, and one of the lead authors of the report.

    Drug consumption rising among baby boomers

    Around 275 million people worldwide aged 15-64 years used drugs at least once in 2016 -- the latest year for which data is available.
     A man uses heroin under a bridge where he lives with other addicts in the Kensington section of Philadelphia which has become a hub for heroin use.
    Cannabis was the most widely used drug, with 192 million users, followed by opioids and amphetamines with 32 million users each, according to the report.
    Surprisingly, drug use among older generations -- those age 40 and above -- is increasing at a faster rate than younger demographics. In the US, drug use among those 50 and older increased seven times between 1996 and 2016, said Pietschmann.
    "Baby boomers are getting older and continuing to take drugs. We see this in Europe, the US, South America and Australia," said Pietschmann, adding that they are not on the radar of most authorities worldwide looking at drug use.
    The report also found that women -- accounting for 33% of drug users -- consume far less than men. However, once women begin consuming, they are much more likely to become drug dependent than men, the report says.

    Aiding suppliers

    Tramadol has has been linked to various terrorist networks in the Middle East and has been a cause of both increasing addiction and instability in Africa, the report says.
    India has been a major supplier of tramadol, and recent control measures in the country should reduce the total global supply, according to Pietschmann.