(CNN)Some politicians in India are clamoring for what they believe to be a quick fix to the country's population problem: a two-child policy for Indian citizens.
As activists and experts scramble to educate the public on the need for contraception and family planning, these politicians want to limit each family to have just two children.
Today, India's population stands at 1.31 billion people, second only to China. Experts estimate India will surpass China in just a few years, according to the United States Census Bureau.
India's fertility rate has dropped to 2.3 births per woman in 2016, compared to 3.2 births per woman in 2000, according to government data. But the booming population has been raising concerns for decades due to a rising poverty, decline in jobs and a poor literacy rate.
"No person shall procreate more than two living children after a period of one year from the commencement of this Act," stated a population control bill introduced on the Parliament floor in 2016 by Prahalad Singh Patel, a legislator from the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
The bill -- which never even came to a vote -- listed measures that the Indian government would take if they wanted to check the ever-growing population. If passed, the bill would make it mandatory for individuals to seek permission from officials if they want to have more than two children, permission that could be denied if sufficient cause was not met.