Hong Kong CNN  — 

Hong Kong’s brief respite from violence has come to an end, with police firing tear gas at demonstrators as the city’s protests enter their 12th weekend.

Thousands of protesters took to Kwun Tong district in the city’s east on Saturday, reiterating the five demands that have emerged during this pro-democracy movement, and adding an additional issue: the government’s installation of “smart” environmental monitoring lampposts, which have sparked privacy concerns.

Tear gas is fired at protesters at a demonstration in Kwun Tong, Hong Kong, on August 24, 2019.

Protesters attempted to tear down or dismantle the lampposts, while others gathered on the streets and formed barriers. Protesters have been seen with a slingshot, iron bars and bricks, while riot police fired back pepper spray and tear gas, making it the first time in 10 days since tear gas was fired.

In a statement on Saturday evening, the Hong Kong government condemned the “vandalistic and violent acts of the protesters” and said that a number of smart lamp-posts were “deliberately damaged.” The government added that the smart lampposts “do not carry facial recognition function and would not infringe upon personal privacy.”

A protester fires a BB gun during clashes with police after a rally in Kwun Tong on Saturday.

“Everyone is tired,” wrote chief executive Carrie Lam on her Facebook page today. “Can we sit down and talk about it?”

She also pointed to social and economic frustrations, echoing some protestors’ complaints. “The public’s dissatisfaction may also be due to deep social contradictions in different areas such as politics, economy and people’s livelihood. While we are calling for a cessation of violence, we must also provide a way out for solving the deeper “dead knot” of society,” she wrote.

The stand off brings an end to a week of relative calm in Hong Kong, which had seen numerous clashes between protesters and police since early summer. Last weekend, police fired no tear gas, and an estimated 1.7 million people braved the heavy rain and heat to march peacefully along Hong Kong’s streets.

In an apparent effort to forestall planned protests, the city’s subway operator MTR said on Saturday that it was suspending services between seven subway stations in the protest area, to “ensure the safety of passengers and our staff.” On Friday night, MTR also announced it had been granted an interim injunction to restrain people who were acting unlawfully, willfully obstructing or interfering with the running of the station, damaging property, or using threatening or offensive language.

Riot police gather near a protest in Kwun Tong, Hong Kong, on August 24, 2019.
Police retreat after clashing with protesters after a rally in Kwun Tong in Hong Kong on Saturday.

Hong Kong’s subway stations have been sites for multiple protests and confrontations this summer. Earlier this week, protesters piled debris into a barricade and staged a silent sit-in at Yuen Long subway station, to mark one month since a mob attacked protestors, bystanders and journalists in that station. Police have also been accused of firing tear gas within a subway station.

Hong Kong has been protesting for almost three months. The demonstrations were initially sparked by a now-suspended bill that would allow fugitives to be extradited to China, where there is a separate legal system. Since then, protesters’ demands have expanded to include an inquiry into alleged police brutality and universal suffrage in the city, which currently only has partial democracy.

Police holding shields gather near a protest in Kwun Tong, Hong Kong, on August 24, 2019.

Changing tactics

Over the course of Hong Kong’s summer of dissent, protestors have organized several large-scale marches, including some with estimated turn-outs of over 1 million. Protesters have tried a number of techniques, including storming the Legislative Council building and leading widespread strikes around the city.

Protesters build barriers at a demonstration in Kwun Tong, Hong Kong, on August 24, 2019.
A protester prepares to throw a metal pole during clashes after a rally in Kwun Tong on Saturday.

On Friday, thousands of people stood in lines stretching around Hong Kong to form a human chain – a homage to the Baltic Way, which took place on the same date, 30 years ago. On August 23, 1989, millions of people in the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania formed a 600km (372 miles) long human chain to demand independence from the Soviet Union.

Hong Kong’s airport was expected to be targeted on Saturday morning for a second time this month, but plans to block transport going to and from the airport didn’t come to fruition.

To forestall issues, Hong Kong’s Airport Authority had warned in a statement Friday that blocking roads connecting to the airport may constitute unlawfully obstructing the airport, meaning anyone who does so could be subject to imprisonment or a fine. It also placed ads in local papers Friday, encouraging young people to love and protect the airport.

“We sincerely call for all young people who love Hong Kong in their heart not to participate in or support any action that disrupts the airport’s normal operation or damages the airport’s international image,” the ads read, adding that airport disruption could lead to the unemployment of around 100,000 people who depend on the airport to make a living.