SUN VALLEY, CA - DECEMBER 11:  The Department of Water and Power (DWP) San Fernando Valley Generating Station is seen December 11, 2008 in Sun Valley, California. Under a new climate plan before state regulators, California would take major steps toward cutting greenhouse gas emissions. If adopted by the California Air Resources Board, it would be the most ambitious global warming prevention plan in the nation, outlining for the first time how businesses and the public would meet the 2006 law that made the state a leader on global climate change. The action would lead to the creation of a carbon-credit market to make it cheaper for the biggest polluters to cut emissions, and change the ways utilities generate power, businesses use electricity, and personal transportation    (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)
UN report: 1 million species at risk of extinction
02:54 - Source: CNN
Hong Kong CNN  — 

The Chinese paddlefish, one of the largest freshwater fish species which had survived for millions of years, has been declared extinct, according to new research by fisheries experts in China.

The giant species, native to the Yangtze River, could reach up to 7 meters (23 feet) in length and weigh as much as 450 kilograms (992 pounds). Known for its silver-colored body and long snout, it was last spotted by researchers in 2003.

Scientists now believe the giant fish completely disappeared in the wild between 2005 and 2010, after a recent basin-wide capture mission failed to find any proof of its existence.

The Chinese paddlefish, also known as the Chinese swordfish, was part of an ancient group of fish that was believed to have lived since the Lower Jurassic period around 200 million years ago, according to the scientists.

The Chinese paddlefish is believed to have vanished in the wild between 2005 and 2010, according to new research.

The species was most diverse and widespread between 34 million and 75 million years ago, and was common in the Yangtze River until the late 1970s, when its population started to dwindle due to overfishing and habitat fragmentation.

It was listed as a critically endangered species in 2009 following an earlier survey by the same scientists, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). China listed the fish as a nationally protected animal in the 1980s, but the IUCN said the construction of dams on the Yangtze River continued to block its migration route and prevented it from breeding in the upper reaches of the river.

China last week announced a 10-year commercial fishing ban in over 300 conservation zones along the Yangtze River after it found an “overall decline” in the population of endangered species, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs told Xinhua News Agency.

The Chinese paddlefish reached up to 7 meters (23 feet) in length and weighed up to 450 kilograms (992 pounds).

Wei Qiwei, a maritime scholar at the Yangtze River Fisheries Research Institute and a co-author of the study, said scientists believed the Chinese paddlefish was extinct as there has been no sighting of the fish in over a decade.

“There have been no successful cases of breeding the Chinese paddlefish in captivity,” he told state broadcaster CCTV. “Hence, when it died out in the wild, the species has become completely extinct.”

The findings were published in scientific journal Science of the Total Environment in late December.

Wei and other scientists believed the paddlefish had become functionally extinct – a status meaning a species lacked the ability to produce future generations – in 1993.

Researchers said its extinction highlighted the importance of enacting measures to protect other endangered Yangtze wildlife, such as the narrow-ridged finless porpoise.

“The delayed extinction of Chinese paddlefish resulted from multiple threats, suggesting that optimizing conservation efforts on endangered Yangtze fauna is urgently needed,” they added.