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CNN Opinion is curating commentators’ smartest takes on the second day of President Donald Trump’s Senate impeachment trial. The views expressed below are their own.

Raul Reyes: He did not come to play

Raul Reyes

Democratic Rep. Adam Schiff did not come to play. On Wednesday, he laid out a strong case for why senators should vote to impeach and remove Donald Trump from the presidency.

On a strategic level, Schiff’s presentation was masterful: it was eloquent, thoughtful and – most importantly – restrained. While he invoked everyone from Alexander Hamilton to John F. Kennedy, he never slipped into histrionics or hyperbole, which any trial lawyer knows can backfire. Instead, he methodically went through a timeline of the President’s alleged improper conduct.

Given the sheer amount of ground that Schiff covered in two-plus hours, no senator can honestly claim to not know or not have heard about most aspects of the impeachment inquiry. Schiff laid it all out for the Senate and for the public (of which 51% favors impeachment, per a recent CNN poll).

Very smartly, Schiff appealed to senators’ and viewers’ best instincts, saying: “The American people want a fair trial. They want to believe the system of government is still capable of rising to the occasion. They want to believe we can rise above party and do what’s best for the country.” This statement, by the way, is supported by national polling that finds most Americans want witnesses and new testimony allowed into the impeachment inquiry.

Notice that Schiff did not have to resort to demonizing those who perhaps did not agree with him (indeed, he comported himself with the dignity required in such a grave and consequential matter).

In fact, his presentation was especially strong when he played video clips of other people, including Trump, whose statements bolstered the House Democrats’ case for impeachment. So just in case anyone had forgotten, we again got to see acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney basically admitting to a quid pro quo (regarding the withholding of Ukraine aid in exchange for an investigation into the Bidens) and telling reporters to “Get over it.”

While the President is on trial in the Senate, Schiff was careful not to make his opening remarks all about Trump. Much more is at stake, Schiff noted, including America’s national security interests, the integrity of our elections and the permissible conduct of future presidents.

One of Schiff’s gifts is his ability to distill complex legal and constitutional arguments down to their essence. Should any president be allowed to solicit foreign interference in our elections? Is it okay for the President to refuse to cooperate with Congress? On both counts, Schiff clearly showed why the only reasonable answer is no.

Raul A. Reyes is an attorney and a member of the USA Today board of contributors. Follow him on Twitter @RaulAReyes.

Alice Stewart: The Democrats’ case is weak sauce

Alice Stewart

As Americans attempt to see through the haze of President Donald Trump’s Senate impeachment trial, one thing is clear: patriots and pettifoggers are conducting the process.

And, in the end, partisans will determine the verdict.

The Senate chaplain was right to say, “Patriots reside on both sides of the aisle.” And Chief Justice John Roberts was correct in calling out both sides for their late-night use, Tuesday, of sniping, which was beneath the decorum demanded by the proceedings.

But the reality, beyond all the posturing, is that Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has the ball, and McConnell remains firmly in Trump’s court. Democrats need to realize they had their chance to make an overwhelming and bipartisan case for impeachment – and they failed.

While Trump’s July 25 phone call with the Ukrainian president regarding the withholding of military aid in exchange for investigations into the Bidens was certainly inappropriate, it is not worthy of impeachment. And the House inquiry and Democrats’ statements have yet to persuade otherwise.

House managers began their opening arguments Wednesday with an effective case for their side. But then Rep. Adam Schiff, lead impeachment manager, touting crushing evidence to support the two articles of impeachment – abuse of power and obstruction of Congress – said additional testimony and documents are needed.

If House Democrats had met their constitutional threshold for a conviction, they would not need additional information. They realize the only potential for an impeachment game-changer is additional evidence – and, ideally, witnesses.

Here’s the thing, though, House members could have subpoenaed Bolton already. They did not, and they should not expect the Senate to do the job they failed to do.

Beyond this, if witnesses were called in this Senate trial, the principle of reciprocity would only make sense. If the prosecution is allowed a witness, such as Bolton, the White House defense team should be allowed a witness, such as Hunter Biden. Would Democrats go along with this?

It’ll be several more days before we know if or when witnesses will be introduced into the trial. For now, we will likely see more pettifogging before what seems more and more likely – an acquittal.

Alice Stewart is a CNN political commentator, Resident Fellow at the Institute of Politics at Harvard University and former Communications Director for Ted Cruz for President.

Anne Milgram: Jason Crow’s powerful message

When House manager Jason Crow stepped to the podium Wednesday in President Trump’s impeachment trial, the discussion shifted dramatically – from an overview of the evidence against President Trump to a pointed primer on national security and Ukraine. Crow, a Democratic Colorado congressman who led paratroopers in Iraq in 2003 (and was decorated with a Bronze Star) and served as an Army ranger in Afghanistan, laid out the House managers’ case for why the President’s withholding of Ukrainian aid was a direct threat to the national security of the United States.

Explaining the value of our partnership with Ukraine and how it protects the United States, Crow stated, “We help our partner fight Russia over there so we don’t have to fight Russia here.”

Crow, speaking as both a former member of the US military and a national security expert, further detailed for Senators the impact that President Trump’s withholding of nearly $400 million in Congressionally-appropriated military aid had on Ukraine’s ability to defend itself against Russian aggression in Crimea. Crow explained that during the time that American military aid was withheld, Ukrainian soldiers were fighting Russian-backed militias without critical equipment, like counter-battery radar. He told the story of Oleksandr Markiv, a Ukrainian solider, who was killed in combat with Russian-backed militias in September.

Crow stressed his personal experience as an Army Ranger. Similarly, House manager Val Demings spoke Wednesday about her law enforcement career and service as the Police Chief in Orlando, Florida. By stressing their professional experience, Crow and Demings seemed to be saying that people who swore an oath to enforce the rule of law think little of the President’s actions in Ukraine.

It was an effective and powerful way for the House managers to argue that the President’s actions harmed our national security and constituted a breach of his duty to the United States. All while positioning themselves as patriotic enforcers of American laws and values at home and abroad.

Anne Milgram, a law professor at New York University, is a former federal prosecutor and was attorney general of New Jersey from 2007 to 2010.

Paul Callan: Schiff’s Alexander Hamilton moment

Paul Callan

Democratic Rep. Adam Schiff woke up this morning and finally remembered he was a gifted former federal prosecutor, rather than a partisan politician angling for headlines. The chair of the House Intelligence Committee and lead House manager delivered a highly persuasive opening statement, outlining the case against President Donald Trump.

He quoted the nation’s first Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton, who noted the young American democracy’s need to control a man “bold in his temper…despotic in his ordinary demeanor” and whose “object is to throw things into confusion that he may ‘ride the storm and direct the whirlwind.” Any thoughts who Schiff might be alluding to?

For the best part of the remaining two hours, Schiff explained in detail why American democracy now and in the future needs to be on guard against a “despot” like Trump. More specifically, he argued that Trump was attempting to interfere in a democratic process in an effort to guarantee himself a second term. If the purpose of Trump’s freeze on military aid to Ukraine was of a personal nature, such as extorting the Ukrainian president to dig up dirt on a political rival, Schiff said it would clearly amount to the “high crimes and misdemeanors” foreseen by Hamilton and the other founding fathers.

Schiff offered slides of the text of President’s incriminatory phone call with Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky and shared the video of acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney essentially admitting to a quid pro quo.

He even brought the entire Mueller investigation back into play, arguing that the Special Counsel’s testimony to Congress July 24 that effectively closed the book on the probe could have unleashed Trump’s reckless – and impeachable behavior – the very next day. Since Trump had gone unpunished for any improprieties related to the investigation of the 2016 campaign, Schiff reasoned, the President had been emboldened to tamper with the 2020 election. In short, the Mueller “exoneration,” as Trump has referred to it, had become part of the motive for the Ukrainian shake down.

Overall, Schiff’s presentation was focused, understandable and persuasive. Now all he needs is a jury—that is, the Senate– willing to render “impartial justice” as required by oath. Unfortunately for him, this case was probably lost in jury selection during the last senatorial election.

Paul Callan is a CNN legal analyst, a former New York homicide prosecutor and of counsel to the New York law firm of Edelman & Edelman PC, focusing on wrongful conviction and civil rights cases. Follow him on Twitter @paulcallan.

Tara Setmayer: Reagan’s question

Tara Setmayer

It was no accident that lead impeachment manager Adam Schiff chose to invoke the powerful words of Alexander Hamilton during his opening arguments in President Trump’s Senate impeachment trial. Given the worldwide success of the “Hamilton” musical and the times we’re living in, Hamilton’s contributions to this debate are both relevant and relatable.

Schiff’s presentation was a master class on Trump’s presidential misconduct during the Ukraine affair. He laid out the factual chronology of Trump’s misdeeds and worked in the constitutional framework that necessitated the impeachment actions taken up by the Congress. Schiff was measured, methodical and – most importantly – rational. His use of video evidence that turned Trump’s own words against him, of documents outlining the misconduct in question and the extraordinary testimony by witnesses during the House proceedings arrayed before Senators a damning portrait of presidential abuse of power. In other words, the Democrats brought receipts.

Renowned Hamilton biographer Ron Chernow wrote in the Washington Post last fall, “From the outset, Hamilton feared an unholy trinity of traits in a future president — ambition, avarice and vanity.” Trump certainly checks all of those boxes.

But will any of it make a difference? So far it hasn’t appeared to move the needle with Senate Republicans. It’s disheartening to watch so many disregard their principles to provide cover for a renegade president unfit to hold the office.

Sadly, by today’s Republican-party standards, Hamilton would’ve likely been called a “hater” and his concerns about the dangers of a demagogue president “hysteria.” As the Republican senators, led by Mitch McConnell, continue to bury their heads in the sand and appear unwilling to uphold their special oaths promising “impartial justice,” they are setting the shining city on a hill ablaze instead of being the virtuous purveyors of liberty our founders intended.

In his 1989 farewell speech, President Ronald Reagan asked, “are we doing a good enough job teaching our children what America is and what she represents in the long history of the world…?”

Defending our constitutional norms and ideals from the whims of a dishonest demagogue like Donald Trump, as Hamilton warned, should be what’s important to any elected official who takes their oath of office seriously and cares about the legacy they will leave for the next generation.

As of today, the jury is still out.

Tara Setmayer is a former GOP communications director, Harvard Institute of Politics Resident Fellow, host of the “Honestly Speaking with Tara” podcast and a CNN political contributor.