Jerusalem (CNN)The mourners gathered by the hundreds, packed tightly on to the evening streets of Bnei Brak. There was no social distancing -- no two meters between them -- as they made their way down the roads of this ultra-Orthodox town near Tel Aviv for the Saturday night funeral of Rabbi Tzvi Shenkar.
Some ultra-Orthodox Jews are ignoring Israel's coronavirus rules, despite a warning to 'wake up!'
Despite a police presence, the crowd mingled freely, apparently unconcerned about the government restrictions on large gatherings, or the reason behind them.
As Israel has battled the spread of coronavirus, the government has imposed increasingly tighter restrictions on the public in an attempt to slow the rate of infection. As of Tuesday morning, Israel had 4,831 confirmed cases of coronavirus and 17 deaths as a result of the disease.
Though police say the majority of the public has heeded the instructions, the seriousness of the situation seems yet to have fully penetrated the ultra-Orthodox community.
More than a week earlier, an ultra-Orthodox wedding in Bet Shemesh near Jerusalem drew a crowd of 150, police said, in violation of government restrictions which limited weddings to ten people. One of those in attendance was supposed to be in quarantine, police said. He was one of three people arrested for endangering public health.
"With the ultra-religious communities, we are definitely emphasizing police units being inside and dispersing people," said police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld. "We're seeing gatherings of more than ten people which is against the law," Rosenfeld said, emphasizing instances of religious schools that have remained open, despite orders to close.
In the ongoing fight against coronavirus, the ultra-Orthodox communities have become the front line. Police officers and SWAT teams have gone into these neighborhoods, warning people of the new restrictions on public gathering and issuing tickets to those who ignore the rules. But too often, the Haredim view civil laws and restrictions as an intrusion into their conservative, strictly religious, lifestyle.
In Mea Shearim, video from Israel police showed officers showered with cries of "Nazis" and "murderers" as they made their way down the labyrinthine alleys of the insular Jerusalem neighborhood. A medical team from Magen David Adom (MDA), Israel's emergency response service, was pelted with rocks in the same neighborhood while trying to carry out a coronavirus test, a spokesman from MDA said.
Infection rates in ultra-Orthodox communities are markedly higher than the rest of the country. The ultra-Orthodox communities in Bnei Brak, Mea Shearim, and Kiryat Yearim, which lies between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, have among the highest infection rates in Israel, Rosenfeld said. A spokesman for the mayor of Bnei Brak said health officials had confirmed the town had the single highest infection rate in the entire country.
Israel's ultra-Orthodox, also known as the Haredim, make up just 14% of the country's total population but comprises a disproportionately large number of coronavirus patients. At Tel Hashomer hospital outside Tel Aviv, 60% of the coronavirus patients are ultra-Orthodox, spokesman Steve Walz tells CNN
Haredi communities routinely shun modern technology like internet and smart phones. Despite a gradual modernization movement, the community still relies on posters and signs plastered on street corners to spread important messages and news. On one corner in Mea Shearim, a sign implores the community to heed the government's instructions, saying, "Danger! Responsibility Demands," and explains who need to enter self-quarantine. But the sign was ripped apart, with the middle section torn out.
A number of signs nearby shared a very different message about a "Terrible Discovery" that the "Corona Epidemic = A Lack of Modesty." The poster implored women and girls to dress modestly and adhere to religion according to the demands of Jewish law.