(CNN)It could be a real-life "Contagion," much like the movie.
As a deadly pandemic spreads across the globe, a timely new study has identified key drivers of "virus spillover" from mammals to humans.
The risk of virus spillover -- when viruses jump from animals to humans -- was highest when human exploitation and habitat destruction threatened wild animals, according to a data analysis conducted by researchers at the University of California and the University of Melbourne.
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The research was carried out years before the current pandemic began, but researchers have long expected "emerging infectious diseases that come from wildlife and affect people," said study author Dr. Christine Kreuder Johnson, a professor of epidemiology and wildlife health at the University of California, Davis.
"The reason why we did this work was to help understand what are the drivers for spillover, " she said, and what characteristics appeared in the past "that can help us [prevent spillover] in the future."
Transmission of zoonotic disease
A zoonotic disease is a disease spread between animals and people, and they can be caused by bacteria, parasites, fungi and viruses, according