(CNN)In ordinary times, music therapy for Michael Russo's hospice patients revolves around glorified home concerts: the troubadour breaks out the guitar, plays Louis Armstrong's "What a Wonderful World" or "Crazy" by Willie Nelson and spreads life-affirming joy during a patient's final days.
In a pandemic's dark days, these hospice workers found creative ways to bring light
But during the coronavirus pandemic, which has prompted hospice facilities to enact strict social distancing policies to minimize the risk of infection, Russo has had to improvise.
Instead of one-on-one sessions in patient rooms, he's embraced Facebook Live broadcasts, video call sessions and even recorded messages.
During a recent house call to hospice patients at an assisted living facility in Punta Gorda, Florida, Russo set up his one-man band on a patio outside a giant window. He was close enough to the lobby so patients could hear him but safely distanced behind glass so he wouldn't risk infecting his audience.
"Nurses wheeled patients right up against the window so they could see me and hear me and sing along as they would anywhere else," he said. "We weren't completely together, but it was the next best thing."
This sort of innovation has become commonplace at end-of-life facilities these days.
At a time when the specter of Covid-19 looms ominously over public health systems around the world, Russo and other hospice workers are going above and beyond to create joyful and meaningful moments for patients and their loved ones. Some of these efforts hinge upon technology. Others are all about heart.
Most of the actions constitute simple gestures that typically wouldn't warrant more than a passing "thank you." But in the context of a global pandemic, they loom large and have made a huge difference to people in the last stages of life.
"Hospice [and palliative care] professionals are trying to care for people in the best ways they know how," said Shoshana Ungerleider, a medical doctor in San Francisco and founder of End Well, a nonprofit and annual conference about grief, loss and dying. "The results have been nothing short of inspiring."
To be clear, patients end up in hospice at the end of long battles with terminal diseases — not because of Covid-19. The threat of coronavirus has prompted hospice facilities to keep these highly vulnerable patients sequestered. This is where the creativity comes in.
Many hospice workers have relied upon technology to forge connections, facilitating Zoom or FaceTime chats with family members so neither patients nor loved ones feel alone.
Balu Natarajan, chief medical officer at Seasons Hospice & Palliative Care in Rosemont, Illinois, said his company has encouraged its employees to "bend over backward" to make patients feel comfortable and loved in their final moments of life, even if that means acting as liaisons to convey final thoughts or farewell messages over the phone. He noted that Seasons currently has about 6,000 patients spread across facilities in 19 different states.