Peruvians cry out for oxygen as coronavirus takes its toll

A relative queues to refill oxygen tanks in the city of Iquitos, Peru.

(CNN)People collapsed in the street, others dragging desperately ill relatives to the door of hospitals that won't admit them, and distraught children asking why their parents were left to die. These are terrifying daily scenes of the coronavirus outbreak across Peru, and experts are worried things are going to get even worse.

Oxygen, one of the most important weapons in keeping coronavirus patients alive, is in short supply and has become a powerful symbol of the chaos in Peru. Desperate citizens have turned to a burgeoning black market, with tanks listed for sale at exorbitant prices on social media and e-commerce sites.
One of those seeking oxygen was Carlos Roque Rojas, 41, whose 81-year-old mother developed a fever and breathing difficulties. He looked all over for oxygen for her but was ultimately unsuccessful. "My mother was abandoned," he told CNN. "The demand for oxygen was too much."
    Shortages have led to a booming black market in oxygen.
    Roque, who lives in the Loreto region in the Amazon Basin, described people dying right next to him at a hospital, collapsing in front of his eyes. Shortly after, his mother was dead.
      Roque's experience illustrates the chaos the pandemic wrought on the region. Two doctors had told him that his mother had the coronavirus, although tests after she died came back negative and the cause of death was recorded as pneumonia. "I don't know what to believe," Roque told CNN, but it was clear to him that finding oxygen would have helped her live.
      He said it was "incredible" the country was not prepared for a pandemic. "They need to improve our health system," he said. "They need to improve the oxygen plants."
      Since Roque's mother's death on April 30, the virus has tightened its deadly grip on Peru, which now has the second-highest number of cases in Latin America after Brazil. According to the Johns Hopkins University database, Peru has reported more than ​183,000 cases of Covid-19 with ​more than 5,000 fatalities.
        The coastal city of Lambayeque is one of the hotspots, and Marcela Puicón, 30, is struggling to source oxygen for a stricken family member.
        Experts predict the situation will continue to worsen.
        Puicón's 60-year-old father is fighting pneumonia after becoming infected with coronavirus and also has a pre-existing lung condition. Puicón and her six siblings decided to treat their father at home, but none of them have been able to work due to ongoing lockdown measures and it's a daily struggle to provide medicine and oxygen due to a lack of income​.
        "I feel helpless, angry and furious, I feel like my hands are tied," she told CNN. "My father is sick and we can't afford something that is so essential for him to survive."

        Government vows to help

        On Thursday, Peru's President Martin Vizcarra acknowledged the public outcry and announced emergency measures to increase production and access to oxygen for medical purposes, and declared the gas a strategic health resource.
        "We are giving the Health Ministry the resources to buy the amount of oxygen we need at a national level to treat patients, established by our technicians," said Vizcarra at a press conference. "We are assigning 84 million soles ($24.5 million) to the Health Ministry to buy the oxygen supply needed on a national level."
        Vizcarra also recognized problems with distribution and a shortage of cylinders themselves. "The same decree also establishes the transfer of 11 million soles to build oxygen networks and for maintaining oxygen plants in Lima and the regions," he said.
        Peru was one of the first nations in the Americas to take strict preventative coronavirus measures, such as stay-at-home orders, curfews and border closings.
        Lockdown measures have proven hard to maintain.
        However lockdown measures failed to hold. Many of Peru's poor have no choice but to venture outside their homes for work, food or financial transactions, leading to crowding in markets, on public transport and outside banks.
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