London CNN  — 

Anti-racism demonstrators in the UK tore down a statue of a 17th-century slave trader, rolled it through the streets and dumped it in the sea on Sunday, in a dramatic act of protest that has shone a spotlight on the country’s stubborn colonial legacy.

Protesters in Bristol, southwest England used ropes to rip down the monument of Edward Colston, a local merchant who made the bulk of his fortune from the slave trade in the late 1600s. His statue had stood in the city since 1895, but its presence in the multicultural city had become increasingly controversial.

Crowds cheered and knelt on the statue after it was toppled, before pushing it to Bristol’s harbor and throwing it into the water.

Many have celebrated the act, and video of the statue falling has gone viral in the UK. But some, including leading figures in Boris Johnson’s government, have condemned the protesters.

“We live in a country where other people feel they are losing a grip on their history and identity and, I think it’s an error,” Bristol’s mayor, Marvin Rees, told the BBC on Monday. “But many people feel the Colston statue represented a sense of Bristol, so we as a city now need to have a conversation.”

The UK’s Home Secretary, Priti Patel, was less amenable, telling Sky News it was “utterly disgraceful” that the statue was taken down.

Police in the city said an investigation is underway and officers are collected footage of the incident. But Superintendent Andy Bennett told the BBC that while he was “disappointed” by the act, “I do understand why it’s happened.” He added that officers made the tactical decision to allow the toppling to take place, rather than risk unrest by stopping it.

Commemorations of colonial-era figures and slave traders are common across the UK. In Bristol, several streets, schools and pubs are named after Colston, who is a prominent figure in the city’s history but whose legacy has been increasingly questioned by newer generations of Bristolians.

Now a petition is circulating calling for the statue to be replaced by one of Paul Stephenson, who campaigned for racial equality in Bristol in the 1960s.

Protesters pull down a statue of slave trader Edward Colston during a Black Lives Matter protest rally on College Green, Bristol, England, Sunday June 7, 2020.

Huge crowds at London protests

Bristol’s protests were far form the only demonstrations on Sunday.

In London, Rome, Madrid, Warsaw, Sydney, Hong Kong and multiple other cities, protesters packed streets for the second consecutive weekend to tell governments around the world that “Black Lives Matter.”

In the UK capital, largely peaceful protests turned heated in the evening on Sunday as activists and police clashed near Downing Street. Officers were seen pushing and using their batons, with some even punching and grabbing protesters as they approached the line of police.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson later claimed that the “demonstrations have been subverted by thuggery” and said he will hold those responsible to account.

It came as activists filled public spaces around the world in huge numbers to commemorate the death of George Floyd and demand an end to systemic racism – staging “die-ins” outside US embassies.

Some defied coronavirus lockdowns and warnings from politicians to do so. Many protesters wore masks during the weekend’s rallies, while some carried messages that racial inequality is also a public health crisis.

They marched in solidarity with tens of thousands in the US, whose protests on Saturday were the biggest yet since video of Floyd’s death at the hands of a white police officer ignited a wave of anger and action.

But they turned out to draw attention to racial injustice in their own nations, too.

In London, thousands congregated outside the US Embassy on Sunday despite British ministers saying that public protests ran the risk of increasing the spread of Covid-19.

Chants of “No Justice, No Peace” and “Black Lives Matter” bounced off the building in the Vauxhall region of the city, with a jubilant atmosphere for much of the day.

“Together, we will let our voices be heard. Enough is Enough. Black people cannot keep suffering,” one protester addressed the crowd.

At times, the activists chanted “The UK is not innocent.” Others had messages for the US President, with one sign reading: “Black lives trump your ego, Mr. President.”

An activist addresses the crowd near the US Embassy in London.

The previous day, activists had descended onto Parliament Square in the center of the city. Protests were peaceful for several hours, but turned heated in the evening when police and crowds faced off outside Downing Street.

In one incident, video posted online showed a police horse suddenly bolting, causing its officer to crash into a street light and fall to the ground. The loose horse then caused panic as it ran through groups of protesters, before making its way back to police stables.

“I stand with you. George Floyd’s brutal killing must lead to immediate and lasting change everywhere,” London Mayor Sadiq Khan said in a Sunday message to protesters, while condemning the minority who turned violent and reminding activists to try to limit physical interactions.

A number of Boris Johnson’s government ministers had previously urged protesters to avoid gathering at all for public health reasons, with Home Secretary Priti Patel saying on Saturday: “I would say to those that want to protest, please don’t.”

Demonstrators kneel facing police officers during another Black Lives Matter march in London on Saturday.

Europe’s streets filled after months of lockdown

The messages of those protesters were echoed by thousands more around the world.

In Spain, permission was given for demonstrators to assemble outside the US Embassy but, after defying orders from the government, protesters marched through the city to Puerta del Sol – one of the best-known and busiest places in the city.

Demonstrators were seen holding placards and chanting phrases including “Donald Trump is a criminal.”

According to figures released by the government’s delegation in Madrid, approximately 2,000 protesters were in attendance; organizers say 4,000 people attended.

In Madrid, a protester warns that "Systemic racism is a pandemic."
Protesters kneel holding placards in Rome.

Lisa Okpala, a spokeswoman for CNAAEB – an anti-racism platform in Spain – told CNN that the purpose of the demonstration was to show support for the Black Lives Matter movement in the US and to “denounce and demonstrate against structural and institutional racism” in the country.

“We felt not only sad because, as I said, racism is a problem here also, but also we felt the rage that the people in the United States are feeling now, especially the black community. So, there is a mix between sadness and rage,” Okpala said.

Thousands more gathered in Rome’s Piazza del Popolo – the major square that just weeks ago had sat empty, a defining image of Italy’s devastating coronavirus outbreak.

Protesters hold an upside-down US flag in Rome.

Activists there took a knee in silence for a full eight minutes in a symbolic tribute to Floyd, who died after police officer Derek Chauvin pressed his knee on his neck for 8 minutes and 46 seconds.

During the demonstration, the protesters were addressed by representatives of Italy’s migrant community and American expatriates; the names of all those killed in the US as a result of police brutality were listed and commemorated by the crowd.

While the large gathering made it difficult for protesters to adhere to the government’s social distancing guidelines, those demonstrating in the piazza were seen to be attempting to maintain a one-meter gap between themselves, with many also wearing masks and face coverings.

Meanwhile in Warsaw, streets were lined outside the American embassy. The previous day, crowds have swarmed through Paris and other French cities like Lille, Marseille, and Nice.

Crowds outside the US Embassy in Warsaw, Poland.
Players from both teams take a knee in protest prior to the Bundesliga match between SV Werder Bremen and VfL Wolfsburg in Germany on Sunday.

Court allows Sydney protests to go ahead

Hours earlier, cities in Australia had been similarly active.

A court in the country overturned an injunction that banned a march and rally in Sydney on Saturday, allowing thousands to gather in the city.

Performances from Aboriginal protesters took place, and demonstrators held banners calling for an end to deaths in police custody both in the US and in Australia.

Activists in Brisbane on Saturday.
Small crowds gather outside the US Embassy in Hong Kong.

New South Wales state officials had sought to ban the protest due to social distancing concerns and received an injunction Friday night. The New South Wales Court of Appeals overturned it in time for the actions to take place.

Another rally took place in Brisbane and Melbourne.

In Hong Kong, smaller crowds gathered outside the Consulate General of the United States. And in Seoul, South Korea, activists in face masks held up signs on Saturday to commemorate Floyd’s death.

CNN’s Laura Perez Maestro, Al Goodman, Duarte Mendonca, Ben Wedeman and Alessandro Gentile contributed reporting.