Australian officials are racing to save hundreds of stranded pilot whales. A third have already died

A pod of whales stranded on a sandbar in Macquarie Harbour, Tasmania, on September 21.

(CNN)Marine experts and government officials are racing to save hundreds of pilot whales after a mass stranding in Australia, with dozens of the animals already dead.

About 270 pilot whales are stranded in Strahan, a small town in Tasmania, an island state off the southern coast of mainland Australia. They're scattered along two sandbars and the strip of beach, according to the Tasmanian Marine Conservation Program, which is leading the rescue operation.
"Late yesterday, we had about a third of the animals were already deceased," said wildlife biologist Kris Carlyon at a news conference on Tuesday morning. He added that it was difficult to make a more specific estimate of deaths, since the whales were spread out across a large area and some locations were inaccessible.
    "This is a really challenging event," he said. "In terms of mass strandings in Tasmania, this is up there among the trickiest we've ever had to deal with."
    Other potential problems include the unpredictable tide that's washing in, and the possibility that the distressed whales might attract sharks to the area.
    The rescue teams, numbering about 60 people, include volunteers, police, fish farms and the Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service. With the clock ticking, they're forced to triage by starting with whales that have the best chance of success, said Carlyon.
    First, rescuers are going to try to "refloat" the whales by "(shifting) them in water," Carlyon said -- and if that doesn't work, or if it causes the whales to behave erratically, they'll move onto another strategy.
    The rescue mission will likely take days, raising concerns that the whales might not live that long. But the current weather is keeping the whales wet and cool, which is "ideal," Carlyon said -- if conditions stay like this, the whales can survive a few more days.
    It's not entirely clear what caused the whales to wash up on shore, though Carlyon added that there have been a few other mass strandings in similar locations. The whales might have been drawn in after feeding close to the coast; or, a few whales may have wandered too close in "simple misadventure," and the rest of the pod followed.