UK announces military spending boost, AI and 'Space Command' initiatives

A CH-47 helicopter carries senior military personnel around the active area on the Ministry of Defence training area on Salisbury Plain, on October 14

(CNN)Britain has announced its largest military spending boost in 30 years, after UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson unveiled a £16.5 billion ($21.8 billion) budget increase for the country's armed forces.

The money will be allocated across four years and comes on top of the current budget. In 2020 - 2021, the UK Defense Ministry already had a budget of almost £41.5bn.
Johnson told lawmakers Thursday that the government needed to prioritize the armed forces.
    "Our national security in 20 years' time will depend on decisions we take today," he said speaking in the House of Commons.
      "I have done this in the teeth of the pandemic, amid every other demand on our resources, because the defense of the realm, and the safety of the British people, must come first."
      The announcement has been taken by defense officials and experts as a sign of Britain seeking to carve out its new place on the international stage.
      In January, the country will enter its post-Brexit phase, while across the Atlantic US President-elect Joe Biden takes office. The influx of cash could consolidate the UK's position as the largest defense spender on the continent and the second largest in NATO, a fact likely to please the US.

        Building a 'digital backbone'

        The boost in funds comes after a concerted push by the MOD for more money from the UK's Treasury.
        A defense official, speaking anonymously in order to be candid, told CNN: "It's taken us a bit by surprise because it's been a quite a fight but I think we are really pleased because this puts British defense on a much firmer footing."
        "In the end the [Johnson] got it...Britain needs to step up post Brexit," the official said, adding that the expanded defense budget meshed with Johnson's view of the UK's future global role.
        Johnson's government has said the money would be invested in technology for "cyber and space and addressing weaknesses in our defence arsenal that cannot be allowed to continue."
        Its statement adds: "To support these advancements, the Prime Minister will also announce a new agency dedicated to Artificial Intelligence, the creation of a National Cyber Force to protect our people from harm and a new 'Space Command', capable of launching our first rocket in 2022."
        "We are going to use our extra defense spending to restore Britain's position as the foremost naval power in Europe," Johnson said Thursday.
        The defense official told CNN that the funds would help the armed forces develop a "digital backbone."
        "There will be quite a lot of emphasis on new tech, space and cyber but this allows us to do that investment while maintaining strong forces in the air land and sea with a specific focus on maritime," they said.
        The official said the funding path over the next four years for the military's aircraft carriers, frigates, next generation cruise missiles and the UK's nuclear program was now "much, much clearer."

        Announced amid chaos

        The spending boost is a strategic move from Johnson, who has faced consistent domestic political setbacks and is likely hoping for a reset.
        He has been criticized over his handling of the coronavirus crisis and recently fired two close advisers. The military announcement is certain to please members of his Conservative Party.
        Johnson also needs to build a relationship with the incoming US president.
        "This is a good thing to start with an incoming Biden administration," the defense official said, though stressing that the Defense Ministry's push for more funds originated prior to the US election.
        In a statement to CNN, Acting Secretary of Defense Christopher C. Miller said the US welcomed the decision as "indicative of [the UK] commitment to NATO and our shared security."
        "Their commitment to increased defense funding should be a message to all free nations that the most capable among us can -- and must -- do more to counter emerging threats to our shared freedoms and security," the statement added.