The world's most vulnerable face conflict, Covid-19 and climate change in 2021, report says

A refugee who fled the conflict in the Ethiopia's Tigray fills his gallon with water at Hamdeyat Transition Center near the Sudan-Ethiopia border, eastern Sudan on December 3

(CNN)Optimism about 2021 is emerging in wealthier corners of the world, with both the United States and the United Kingdom beginning Covid-19 vaccinations and other nations close behind. But for many countries, the long tail of the pandemic could make next year even more devastating than 2020.

The coronavirus, combined with climate change and conflict, is expected to exacerbate already long-running crises in many developing countries next year, according to a new report from the International Rescue Committee (IRC), a major US humanitarian group.
Despite the gravity of the pandemic, the direct impact of Covid-19 in areas where the IRC operates was less damaging than feared, the organization's CEO David Milliband said on Tuesday. But it came with disastrous side effects, he added, including disrupting supply chains, causing food insecurity in some countries, and driving people away from hospitals, resulting in poor treatment for other diseases, including malaria.
    Many of these are worsening life in the countries named on IRC's annual emergency watchlist, which identifies places at risk of humanitarian catastrophe. Extreme poverty caused by lockdowns and border closures, for example, could trigger famines in South Sudan, Burkina Faso, and Yemen, it warns.
      Yemen is at the top of the organization's watchlist this year, raising particular concern as a nation that has also been plagued by years of war. Conflict-torn Afghanistan, Syria, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Ethiopia make up the list's top five countries.
      In all, the 20 countries on IRC's list represent just 10% of the global population, but account for 85% of those in humanitarian need, it says. "Watchlist 2021 reveals that the world is facing both unprecedented humanitarian emergencies as well as a political crisis of inaction and global retreat from humanitarian obligations," the IRC said in a statement Monday.