Polls say Americans report record low opinions of China. Are the surveys measuring racism?

Updated 2325 GMT (0725 HKT) March 26, 2021

(CNN)This year, Americans said they really, really don't like China.

In fact, if you go by the polls, they've never liked it less.
But what does that even mean?
When asked how they felt toward China, the vast majority of Americans surveyed required no further detail before giving definitive answers like "very cold" and "very unfavorable," according to results published by Gallup and Pew, two leading public opinion research groups, this month.