Some promising news for pregnant people

Syringes are prepared for doses of the Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine at a clinic on April 9, 2021 in Los Angeles, California.
A version of this story appeared in the April 22 edition of CNN's Coronavirus: Fact vs. Fiction newsletter. Sign up here to receive the need-to-know headlines every weekday.

(CNN)The Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna vaccines don't appear to pose any serious risks during pregnancy, an early analysis of real-world data from the United States shows.

The early findings may offer some reassurance to pregnant people in the US and help other countries make better informed decisions about how to include them in vaccination programs. The analysis only looked at Pfizer and Moderna shots, which are both based on newer mRNA technology, so the findings are not relevant to vaccines such as those made by AstraZeneca or Johnson & Johnson.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had long advised that while there was a lack of data in this area, pregnant people should still be offered Covid-19 shots, stressing that they are "unlikely to pose a specific risk" for people who are pregnant. Some other countries have excluded pregnant people from their programs. The UK recently reversed its stance on the issue and is now making Pfizer and Moderna shots available to people who are pregnant.
    Health authorities around the world, including the CDC, have warned that pregnant women with Covid-19 are at increased risk for severe illness and may be at increased risk for adverse outcomes, such as preterm birth. The new data, along with existing research showing mRNA vaccines are effective in pregnant and breastfeeding people, suggest that the benefits of the vaccines outweigh the risks.
      The analysis, published Wednesday in the New England Journal of Medicine, looked at the data of more than 35,000 pregnant people who had reported their health status through CDC reporting systems, including a smartphone app, and followed up with a group of 3,958 pregnant participants who had received an mRNA vaccine. It found that adverse outcomes, including pregnancy loss and preterm births, were not significantly higher in people who had been given a vaccine.
      And in more good news, the study found that vaccine recipients who were pregnant actually experienced common post-inoculation symptoms less frequently, including headache, muscle aches, chills and fever. The most common side effect was pain at the injection site, which appeared to occur more frequently in people who were pregnant.
      The researchers say more long-term studies are needed to assess the safety of the Covid-19 vaccine during pregnancy, and that this research should include follow up with a large population who are vaccinated early in pregnancy.

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      Q. How can I stop my glasses from fogging up when I wear a mask?
      A. It's a pesky problem: As soon as you put on your cloth face mask and head out the door, your glasses fog up. But there's a simple fix for that, and it'll only take a minute or two. All you need is soap and water. Read here for advice from the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, courtesy of two doctors. Their defogging trick works in the emergency room, so it can certainly work in the grocery store.
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