A version of this story appeared in the May 12 edition of CNN’s Coronavirus: Fact vs. Fiction newsletter. Sign up here to receive the need-to-know headlines every weekday.
To protect more Indians against the virus, the Indian government has shifted its focus from supplying vaccines to other countries through the COVAX scheme, a vaccine-sharing initiative for lower-income countries, to prioritizing its own citizens. But as COVAX is largely reliant on India’s vaccine manufacturers, countries which are depending on those doses are still waiting.
The Indian strain was classified as a “variant of concern” by the World Health Organization (WHO) on Monday, meaning that it may show, among other indicators, to be more transmissible, cause more severe disease, fail to respond to treatment, evade immune response or fail to be diagnosed by standard tests.
There are questions about what role the variant has played in India’s resurgence of cases and deaths, the WHO said Wednesday, explaining that several other contributing factors – such as religious and political mass gatherings – have likely also contributed.
The WHO assessment will come as no surprise to critics of Prime Minister Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his party, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), who have come under increasing fire after holding multiple election rallies drawing thousands and giving the go-ahead for the largest religious pilgrimage on Earth last month – even as experts warned it could cause a deadly surge. The WHO said that the “exact contributions of each of these factors on increased transmission in India are not well understood.” Meanwhile, India’s surge has devastated major cities, with hospitals running out of oxygen and medicine. And the nightmare seems inescapable, with devastating scenes now plaguing the entire nation. Across rural states and far-flung villages, doctors and clinics are in short supply – leaving India’s poorest to fight for their lives without access to care.
While India makes up 95% of cases and 93% of deaths in Southeast Asia, and 50% of global cases and 30% of global deaths, concerning trends have also been noted in neighboring countries.
The B.1.617 variant has also spread far beyond India’s borders. The United Kingdom – which is slated to make its “single biggest step” towards normality by dropping most pandemic restrictions next Monday – has reported the largest number of cases of the strain outside of India, the WHO said. When asked about the variant, England’s Chief Medical Officer Chris Whitty said Monday that “we don’t know if this is going to cause significant problems in the autumn.” Meanwhile, in the United States – where B.1.617 is also present – the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is still classifying it as a “variant of interest,” but noted that this classification could escalate or deescalate based on scientific evidence.
YOU ASKED. WE ANSWERED.
Q: What’s the science behind the US decision to say fully vaccinated people don’t need masks?
A: Activists and some world leaders argue that doing so is the only way to speed up access to Covid-19 vaccines for developing nations at a time when richer countries have bought up the lion’s share of global supply. But some say what’s really needed is technology transfer.
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WHAT’S IMPORTANT TODAY
Another major concern is the pharmaceutical sector, given that India is the world’s largest supplier of generic drugs. In the US, 90% of all prescriptions are filled by generic drugs and one in every three pills consumed is produced by an Indian generics manufacturer, according to a joint study from Confederation of Indian Industry and KPMG in April 2020. But Indian drug makers get as much as 70% of their raw materials from China, a link in the supply chain that now looks vulnerable. Read more here on how India’s current situation could affect you.
China and Russia’s international vaccine goals are increasingly aligned, as they assist developing countries neglected by their traditional Western partners who have been accused of hoarding shots, Ben Westcott writes.
Chinese companies have made agreements over the past month to manufacture more than 260 million doses of Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine, which has been approved for use in more than 60 countries – many of which are developing nations. As hundreds of millions of doses of the Russian shot are distributed, they will carry the label: “Made in China.”
But there is also a darker side to this cooperation, with recent Russian disinformation efforts attempting to undermine confidence in US and UK vaccines. China has done the same, with state-run media hyping up reports of deaths from US and European-made vaccines. Bobo Lo, an expert on China-Russia relations and former diplomat said while it was hard to know if the closeness would remain in the long term, for now both China and Russia’s leaders are being brought together by the growing Western opposition to their governments.
US officials are rallying teens to get vaccinated before variants spread
As children in the United States as young as 12 are now eligible to get vaccinated, health experts are shifting their messaging to encourage this new demographic to take up the shot. That’s in part because the US Food and Drug Administration’s decision on Monday to expand authorization of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine to adolescents from 12-15 comes as public health officials are urging Americans to get inoculated before variants resistant to vaccinations spread, and potentially cause another surge. Already, more than 72% of coronavirus genetic sequences in the United States are the B.1.1.7 variant first identified in the United Kingdom – one that is known to be more transmissible than its predecessor, CDC director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said Tuesday.
To get adolescents and their parents onboard, primary care providers, pediatricians and family medicine physicians talking with parents and the kids will be critical, said Dr. Nirav Shah, president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. “Here we have to speak not only to the patient, the adolescent, but also their parents and guardians to make the case simultaneously to both.”
How does “cautious hugging” work?
Hurrah! Some of us can hug each other again. In the United Kingdom, residents will get the green light to resume “cautious hugging” next week. And in America, that time has already come for many. But what does this milestone mean? A cautious hug is one that’s outdoors, without face-to-face contact, and that doesn’t last very long, two US physicians told CNN. Anyone who’s unvaccinated should use caution when hugging someone else, and should wear a mask while doing it, they said.
Kids who aren’t eligible for the vaccine yet (and are short enough) can hug their vaccinated loved ones around the waist, though they should skip the slobbery kisses. Keeping their face away from the face of the person they’re hugging is key here, said Vanderbilt University infectious diseases professor Dr. William Schaffner. While unvaccinated teens probably won’t want to crouch down to hug anyone, they should keep a mask on while they hug and tilt their face away from the person they’re hugging, Schaffner added.
UK changes tack on vaccination program as cases of the B.1.617 Covid-19 variant rise rapidly
ON OUR RADAR
- Delta Air Lines is requiring new employees to get the Covid-19 vaccine, making it one of the largest US companies to issue a mandate.
- Kenya is just weeks away from running out of vaccines with less than 2% of the population having had a first shot,
- Covid-19 vaccination drives were suspended in the Indian city of Mumbai today and in the state of Gujarat today and tomorrow because of Tropical Cyclone Tauktae, officials said.
- Sanofi and GlaxoSmithKline’s Covid-19 vaccine candidate showed a strong immune response and no safety concerns in a Phase 2 trial, the companies said today. A large Phase 3 trial of the vaccine is expected to begin in the coming weeks, they said.
- Another vaccinated New York Yankees staff member has tested positive for Covid-19, the ninth to do so in the last week. Eight of the nine were asymptomatic, according to the team.
- China has suspended its spring climbing season from the Tibetan side of Mount Everest. On the Nepali side, climbers are scrapping their expeditions over Covid-19 concerns.
- A Virginia mom who recruited four of her sons to work alongside her on the frontlines of the pandemic wants you to know: You don’t have to have a medical degree to help the fight.
TODAY’S TOP TIP
Learn more on the most recent episode of Dr. Gupta’s “Chasing Life” podcast.
Many churches, synagogues, mosques and other houses of worship have continued to offer virtual or outdoor services. But if you do attend in-person services inside, both vaccinated and unvaccinated people still need to follow public health guidance.
So, it’s best to mask up, stay at least six feet away from people who don’t live in your household, and avoid poorly ventilated spaces. Try to sit near an open window or door, or choose a service in which people tend to sing less. You can also ask your house of worship if it’s regularly cleaning frequently touched surfaces like pews, pens or offering plates – and of course, you can BYOS (bring your own sanitizer) too.
As the Pfizer-BioNTech shot becomes available to US teens, parents will be deciding whether to get their children vaccinated. We turned to CNN Medical Analyst Dr. Leana Wen to get her advice and to answer some commonly asked questions that parents have about the vaccine.