The words you'll need to know to watch these new Olympic sports this week

    Olympic sport climber Tomoa Narasaki of Japan competes in the 2019 Climbing World Championships.

    (CNN)The Tokyo Olympics have marked the return of fan-favorite events like swimming and gymnastics. But viewers also are being treated to a number of sports -- such as karate, skateboarding and sport climbing -- new to the Games.

    And to better understand and enjoy these sports, casual viewers may need to learn some new sports terms.
    While each sport has its own loyal following outside the Games, casual Olympics fans may not be very familiar with the specific terminology associated with these events.
      Nicholas Watanabe, an associate professor in sports and entertainment management at the University of South Carolina, said that as someone who's half Japanese and practices a Japanese martial art, he'll be comfortable watching events like karate.
        "But for the common lay person who hasn't had these experiences, they're just going to have no idea" what some of the terms mean, he said.
        Experts with language-learning app Babbel compiled a list of terms associated with sports like karate and climbing, which both have events debuting at the Games this week, to help viewers keep up.

        Sport climbing terms

          Slovenian climber Janja Garnbret competes in a Climbing IFSC World Cup event in Villars-sur-Ollon, Switzerland, on July 3, 2021.
          Three types of sport climbing events will take place in Tokyo: speed climbing, where two climbers compete to make it to the top of a wall first; lead climbing, where athletes climb as high as they possibly can within a specified time, and bouldering, where climbers follow fixed routes within a specified time.
          Common phrases you might hear mentioned across the three events include:
          Problem: A climber's term for a bouldering route.
          Crux: The crux of a climbing route is considered its most difficult section.
          Crimp: A small climbing hold, done by wrapping the thumb over the index finger in a kind of pinching motion.
          Bridging: A climber in a corner might spread their legs so that each foot touches a separate wall. A bridge refers to a climber's legs, and bridging refers to the act of balancing by doing the splits.
          Dyno: Short for dynamic, it describes a difficult move that involves jumping between holds and breaking contact with the wall completely.
          Deadpoint: The moment in a dynamic move where the climber grabs a hold while moving between upwards acceleration and falling back down to the ground.
          Flag: Sticking a leg out against a wall for balance.
          Smearing: A climbing move that employs the wall, rather than holds, on a route. It involves smearing a foot down a wall to gain momentum in the absence of a foothold.
          Pumped: A sign that a climber is weakened or in pain. It refers to bulging forearms that are pumped full of blood during a more grueling climb.

          Karate terms

          Spanish karate competior Sandra Sanchez, an Olympic favorite, at a training session on February 24, 2021 in Madrid.