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CNN  — 

When US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi touched down in Taiwan on Tuesday night, China was ready with its response.

In quick succession, a slew of government and political bodies fired off statements condemning the visit and warning of its “severe impact” on US-China relations, while China’s military said it would immediately launch “air and sea exercises” and released a plan for drills surrounding the island in coming days.

Pelosi’s visit – the first by a top-ranked US lawmaker in 25 years and part of a larger Asia tour – was seen by Beijing as a “major political provocation” and a challenge to China’s sovereignty. China’s ruling Communist Party claims the self-governed democracy of Taiwan as its own, despite never having controlled it.

Despite Beijing’s objections, Pelosi and a congressional delegation embarked on a series of high profile meetings at Taiwan’s legislature and at the office of Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, where the California Democrat said her delegation came to send an “unequivocal message” that “America stands with Taiwan.”

“We want Taiwan to always have freedom with security and we’re not backing away from that,” Pelosi said, praising the courage of the Taiwanese people to uphold democracy.

Pelosi’s defiance of China’s warnings not to visit the island may have aggravated troubled US-China relations, but analysts say the party likely to end up feeling the brunt of Beijing’s pressure is not the United States, but Taiwan.

Live-fire drills

Beijing wasted no time making its displeasure clear as the US Air Force jet carrying Pelosi’s delegation touched down in Taiwan on Tuesday evening, but its response so far has been more restrained than somwe of the possibilities floated by nationalist voices in China in recent days.

China’s military will run exercises around Taiwan and launch a series of “targeted military operations to counteract the situation,” according to statements released by its Eastern Theater Command and Ministry of Defense Tuesday.

An official map indicating the location of some of these planned drills – initially set to run Thursday to Sunday – suggest they are closer to the island than previous exercises – and even encroach on Taiwan’s territorial waters. Analysts say that indicates they are an escalation from previous threats leveraged by Beijing against Taiwan.

The map shows the drills will encircle the island more completely than previous exercises – including the military exercise areas and missile splashdown zones during a major crisis in the Taiwan Strait in the mid-1990s.

With these drills, China has “gone a lot farther than they ever have before,” according to Carl Schuster, a former US Navy captain and former director of operations at the US Pacific Command’s Joint Intelligence Center.

“The geopolitical signal being sent is that China can close Taiwan’s air and sea access whenever it wants,” he said.

Taiwan’s Defense Ministry in a press briefing Wednesday called the plan tantamount to a “maritime and aerial blockade” that would “threaten international waterway, challenge the international order, undermine cross-strait status quo and endanger regional security.”

But how significant the exercises would ultimately be would depend on what happens in the coming days, according to political scientist Chong Ja Ian of the National University of Singapore, who said much was at stake for China’s image at home and abroad.