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Yemen’s warring parties have renewed a two-month-long truce, first signed in April this year. It was one of the first concrete steps taken towards peace in years and a genuine moment for celebration. But for thousands of families, time is running out.
While many in the international community celebrate, some families in Yemen are left watching their children slowly die.
There are around 30,000 people with life-threatening diseases requiring treatment abroad, according to the Houthi-controlled government in the capital Sanaa. Some 5,000 of them are children. The truce has allowed for flights transporting patients out of the country, but that mainly works for families who can afford treatment abroad. Thanks to the devastating effects of the war and the humanitarian crisis it created – once described by the UN as the world’s worst – most cannot.
For the last seven years, a Saudi-led coalition has tried to crush the Iran-backed Houthis, after the group – also known as Ansarullah – overthrew the internationally recognized government. The war led to a years-long fuel blockade imposed by the coalition and supported by the United States.
That support – and broader US backing for the military action in Yemen – is currently being challenged in a War Powers Resolution introduced by US Senator Bernie Sanders. The blockade, import restrictions and high inflation are all crippling Yemen’s health care systems and its economy.
Only 24 out of 36 fuel ships have been permitted by the coalition to enter the Red Sea port of Hodeida since the truce was established on April 2. It was a welcome injection of fuel – both for the economy and the operation of health care facilities – but still below what the UN says is sufficient “to support essential services.”
But beyond the statistics, here are some of the lives impacted by that reality.
Raneem Alkhalid is turning two in September. She was born with Down syndrome.
“She is an angel sent to us. I have four other children and she – my youngest – has my heart,” her father Abdelrahman says.
When Raneem started suffering from shortness of breath, none of Yemen’s health facilities were equipped to offer a diagnosis. Luckier than most children in the country, Raneem’s family were able to send her with an aunt to Cairo in search of treatment. There she was diagnosed with weakness in the blood vessels of the heart and her aunt was told she required an operation to insert a stent to keep them open and pumping blood.
The surgery and the associated expenses came to $10,000 and a date was set for June 6. That’s where the family’s luck ran out. They didn’t have the money to pay and the date of the operation came and went.
“We have lost too many children in the last seven years of war,” Dr Abdulrahman Alhadi, who heads the Yemeni Children’s Leukaemia Center, told CNN. “They were waiting for a mercy, which never came.”
In his center alone, more than 300 children have died waiting to travel abroad for treatment. Dr Alhadi sent CNN a video of one of his patients, five-year-old Mohammed Salman. Both Mohammed and his six-year-old brother were told they needed a stem cell transplant for bone marrow failure caused by their hereditary aplastic anemia. His brother passed away five months ago, before the blockade was partially lifted. Now Mohammed waits alone.
“There is nothing harder for parents than to feel helpless when it comes to saving their children’s lives, Aisha Jumaan told CNN.
Jumaan’s US-based Yemen Relief and Reconstruction Foundation is one of the few organizations trying to support families seeking treatment abroad. But the average cost of treatment for a child comes to $10,000. That would amount to roughly $50 million needed in total for children in need of life-saving treatment. It’s an uphill battle to save lives that can only be won with a coordinated and systemic response to Yemen’s crisis.
The bombs have stopped but preventable deaths in Yemen won’t end until the blockade is fully lifted and the war-fueled economic collapse is reversed. For now, the only thing that brings joy to Raneem and her family is music.
“When I start playing the children’s songs she loves she doesn’t even notice the pain,” her father says. “When she laughs and sings, it’s like everything around us is song. She’s an angel and I would give my life to keep her with us.”
To contribute to the effort to help Yemen’s children with life-threatening illnesses, you may donate to the Yemen Relief and Reconstruction Foundation at https://yemenfoundation.org/
Iran nuclear talks resume in Vienna this week
Top Iranian, European and US officials were set to resume nuclear talks in Vienna on Friday, as Iran continues to enrich its uranium levels and accelerate its nuclear program.
- Background: Iran sent negotiators to Vienna on Wednesday, the Iranian foreign ministry said, following a proposal put forward by top EU diplomat Josep Borrell. US Secretary of State Antony Blinken backed the EU proposal in comments on Monday, saying that the United States is “prepared to move forward on the basis of what’s been agreed,” but it is unclear if Iran is prepared to do the same. A senior administration official told CNN on Wednesday that US Special Envoy for Iran Rob Malley would also travel to Vienna for the new round of talks to try to save the nuclear deal, although the administration is keeping expectations low for the latest negotiations.
- Why it matters: Multiple rounds of indirect talks aimed at reviving the nuclear deal between world powers have yet to yield a result, and hopes for an agreement have been fading. Iran has in the meantime continued to accelerate its nuclear program, saying it has the ability to make a nuclear bomb but has not decided to do so.
OPEC agrees to produce slightly more oil as recession fears loom
The world’s oil-exporting countries have agreed to a tiny increase in output next month amid fears that a global recession will crimp demand.
- Background: The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies – a grouping known as OPEC+ which includes Russia – on Wednesday announced the planned production of an additional 100,000 barrels a day in September. For months, OPEC+ has tried to reverse production cuts made during the pandemic when demand for oil cratered. In June, the cartel agreed to increase supply to compensate for a drop in the trade of Russian oil, after the EU pledged to slash Russian crude imports by 90% by the end of the year. OPEC+ agreed to increase output by 648,000 barrels per day in July and August. But, according to a Reuters survey earlier this week, many countries have fallen short of their pledges.
- Why it matters: This was the first OPEC meeting since US President Joe Biden visited Saudi Arabia last month. Biden urged the country – which is the group’s biggest oil producer – to start pumping more. While there were expectations of a rise in production following Wednesday’s meeting, analysts say the announced increase is “a drop in the ocean.”
Temperatures in Iraq top 50 degrees Celsius
Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, recorded a high temperature of 49.5 degrees Celsius on Thursday, which is equivalent to about 121 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Background: Many locations in Iraq topped 50C (122F) on Thursday with the highest temperature of 52.6C (127F) recorded at Basrah-Hussen. Baghdad has been sweltering this summer with high temperatures above 42C (108F) for over a month. The past four days have reached over 49C (120F).
- Why it matters: Little relief is expected in the coming days with high temperatures forecast to climb to nearly 50C through the weekend in Baghdad. Temperatures of this level raise major concerns for heat-related illness, especially for those without access to water, proper shelter and air conditioning.
What to watch
US officials had expected the world’s oil-exporting countries to approve a much bigger increase in output in their August meeting. In the same week, the US approved a possible multi-billion-dollar weapons sales to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
CNN’s Eleni Giokos speaks to the chief OPEC correspondent at Energy Intelligence, Amena Bakr, and editor-in-chief of Arab News, Faisal Abbas, about the significance of the two events.
Watch the report here:
Around the region
What is already a big year for football in the Middle East just got even bigger as Saudi Arabia expressed interest in hosting the 2026 Women’s Asia Cup.
The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) announced on Monday that Saudi Arabia had registered its interest in hosting the tournament for the first time.
The Kingdom’s female football team played their first match in February this year against the Seychelles, which ended 2-0 to Saudi Arabia.
In response to the news, Saudi Arabia’s Women’s Football Federation tweeted “we aspire to host the continent of Asia for the biggest tournament for women in 2026.”
The AFC has said it will now begin working on getting in the bids from all interested countries and a decision will be made in 2023.
Women’s football has reached new global heights this year. The Women’s Euro 2022, hosted by England – the eventual victors – attracted record crowds. The total attendance across the tournament surpassed 570,000, more than double the record set in 2017, with 87,192 fans attending the final at Wembley, a new record for a women’s international game in Europe.
By Mohammed Abdelbary
Photo of the day
This article has been updated to clarify Dr Abdulrahman Alhadi’s affiliation.